Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Haemulon: Greek, haimaleos = bloody (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref. 3798). Tropical; 22°N - 4°N, 98°W - 50°W
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9626); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3798)
(total): 13 - 14;
soft rays: 8 - 9. Head scaled except for tip of snout and chin; mouth small and oblique; yellowish to greenish silver on back, silvery on sides, with 4 brown to bronze stripes on upper half of body and a large black spot at caudal base (Ref. 13442).
Western Atlantic: Colombia to French Guiana.
Generally in protected areas such as bays or inlets; rarely in insular areas with clear oceanic water and coral reefs (Ref. 5217). Juveniles encountered near the shore. Feeds on small crustaceans and mollusks (Ref. 3798). Taken incidentally and not considered commercially important (Ref. 3798).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cervigón, F., 1993. Los peces marinos de Venezuela. Volume 2. Fundación Científica Los Roques, Caracas,Venezuela. 497 p. (Ref. 9626)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00696 - 0.03143), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .