Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenesocidae
Etymology: Cynoponticus: Greek, kyon = dog + Ponticus, Ponto, Latin = the Black sea.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range ? - 100 m (Ref. 5217). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3793)
Preanal lateral line pores 42-43; vertical and pectoral fins with black margin (Ref. 13608).
Western Atlantic: central America and larger islands of the Caribbean to Brazil.
Inhabits bays and estuaries. Found over muddy bottoms (Ref. 5217). Feeds mainly on benthic animals (Ref. 3793). Marketed fresh (Ref. 3793).
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00129 (0.00053 - 0.00312), b=3.01 (2.79 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .