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Rastrelliger brachysoma  (Bleeker, 1851)

Short mackerel
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
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Rastrelliger brachysoma   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Rastrelliger brachysoma (Short mackerel)
Rastrelliger brachysoma
Picture by Williams, J.T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Rastrelliger: Latin, rastra = rake + Latin, gero = to carry.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 15 - 200 m (Ref. 28016).   Tropical; 20°C - 30°C (Ref. 54858); 18°N - 18°S, 93°E - 180°E (Ref. 54858)

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 17.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 34.5 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 168); common length : 20.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 168)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8 - 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 12. Snout pointed. Maxilla covered by lachrymal bone but extending nearly to end of lacrimae. Interpelvic process small and single. Swim bladder present. Vertebrae 13 precaudal plus 18 caudal, total 31. Bristles on longest gill raker about 150 on one side in specimens of 12.7 cm, 210 in specimens of 16 cm, and 240 in specimens of 19 cm fork length. Anal spine rudimentary.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Pacific Ocean: Andaman Sea to Thailand, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands and Fiji.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in estuarine habitats with slightly reduced salinities and in areas where surface temperature range between 20° and 30°C, forming schools of equally sized individuals. Batch spawning is believed to extend from March through September (Ref. 9684). Feeds chiefly on microzooplankton with a high phytoplankton component. Marketed fresh, frozen, canned, dried salted and smoked.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaborators

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(fisheries: production, species profile; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Ecology
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Common names
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00613 - 0.01963), b=3.05 (2.90 - 3.20), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.31 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.6-1.6; tmax=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.