Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Alepocephalidae
Etymology: Conocara: Latin, conicus = cone + Greek, kara = face (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 2400 - 4500 m (Ref. 40643), usually 3000 - ? m (Ref. 4460). Deep-water; 53°N - 11°N, 175°W - 1°W
Eastern Atlantic: southwestern Ireland and Cape Verde. Western Atlantic: Atlantic side of Antilles. Also in the eastern Pacific.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 73.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27000)
Benthopelagic (Ref. 96339). Spent females have been bound in May with large ovarian eggs (Ref. 4736). Maximum depth reported taken from Ref. 40643.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Markle, D.F. and J.-C. Quéro, 1984. Alepocephalidae (including Bathylaconidae, Bathyprionidae). p. 228-253. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4736)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1.6 - 3, mean 2.7 (based on 511 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00151 - 0.00760), b=3.19 (2.99 - 3.39), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .