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Bodianus rufus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Spanish hogfish
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Bodianus rufus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Bodianus rufus (Spanish hogfish)
Bodianus rufus
Picture by Johnson, L.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Bodianinae
Etymology: Bodianus: Bodianus after Bodiano or Pudiano, from the Portuguese pudor, meaning modesty (Jordan & Evermann, 1896).;  rufus: Name from a Latin adjective meaning 'red' or 'reddish', apparently in reference to the overall reddish yellow coloration of some large individuals of this species. Believed to have been based on Catesby’s (1743) colour figure of this species referred to in Linnaeus’ original description of Labrus rufus, however, the initial-phase adult of B. insularis is also completely red (Ref. 75973).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 70 m (Ref. 9710), usually 3 - 70 m (Ref. 27115).   Tropical; 22°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 32°N -

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9626); common length : 28.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3726); max. published weight: 1.0 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11 - 13. Head, upper front part of body, and front of dorsal fin blue if from shallow water, red if from deep; rest of body and tail yellow. Dorsal, anal, and pelvic fins mostly blue or red-yellow at rear (Ref. 26938).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (USA) and throughout the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea to southern Brazil.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit rocky or coral reefs (Ref. 9710). Feed on brittle stars, crustaceans, mollusks, and sea urchins (Ref. 9710). Juveniles actively pick parasites from larger fishes (Ref. 5521). A protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. ). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). May hybridize with spotfin hogfish, B. pulchellus (Ref. 40096). Marketed fresh (Ref. 3726). Maximum depth reported from Ref. 27115.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.