Hyphessobrycon flammeus  Myers, 1924

Flame tetra
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Hyphessobrycon flammeus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Hyphessobrycon: Greek, hyphesson, -on, -on = a little smaller + Greek, bryko = to bite (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Myers.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 5.8 - 7.8; dH range: 5 - 25; depth range 0 - ? m (Ref. 96863).   Tropical; 22°C - 28°C (Ref. 96863)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96863)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal soft rays: 24 - 29; Vertebrae: 31 - 32. Hyphessobrycon flammeus is distinguished from other congeners (except H. bifasciatus, H. balbus, H. chocoensis, H. columbianus, H. condotensis, H. griemi, H. igneus, H. itaparicensis, H. panamensis, H. savagei, H. sebastiani, H. tortuguerae, and H. weitzmanorum) by having two humeral spots vertically elongated and lacking caudal peduncle blotch. It can be diagnosed from aforementioned species by having 5-8 maxillary teeth (vs. 1-3 in H. balbus, 1-2 in H. bifasciatus and H. igneus, 3 in H. condotensis and H. panamensis, 2-3 in H. griemi, 1-4 in H. savagei, 2 in H. chocoensis and H. sebastiani, 9-10 in H. tortuguerae), caudal fin hyaline (vs. caudal fin with black median stripe in H. weitzmanorum), no longitudinal stripe dark and second humeral spot conspicuous as well as first humeral spot (vs. faint longitudinal stripe dark and second humeral spot less defined than first in H. weitzmanorum) (Ref. 96863).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazil in streams and coastal rivers of Rio de Janeiro, in Guanabara bay basin, middle rio Paraíba do Sul basin and rio Guandu basin, and upper rio Tietê drainage (upper rio Paraná basin, São Paulo) (Ref. 96863). Thought to be extinct in the wild (Ref. 89952).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits small streams of slow flowing, dark-brown or clear water, shaded by small forests. Occurs also in small streams with clear water and sandy bottom. Prefers habitats with vegetation and streams with slow flowing water, living in depths not superior to 50 c and water temperature from 22°-28°C. Forms relatively numerous schools with agonistic interaction among alpha males. Feeds on small insects, worms and plants. Female lays around 200 to 330 oocytes on rocks, plants, or submerged debris; after that, the male releases the sperm for fertilization. The eggs hatch in about 2-3 days. Longevity is around four years (Ref. 96863). In tank, female lays 200 to 300 eggs which hatch in 2 to 3 days (Ref. 7020). Aquarium keeping: in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Carvalho, F.R., G.C. de Jesus and F. Langeani, 2014. Redescription of Hyphessobrycon flammeus Myers, 1924 (Ostariophysi: Characidae), a threatened species from Brazil. Neotrop. Ichyol. 12(2):247-256. (Ref. 96863)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00668 - 0.03273), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.32 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .