Hemigrammus ocellifer  (Steindachner, 1882)

Head-and-taillight tetra
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Hemigrammus ocellifer
Picture by Hoffmann, P. and M. Hoffmann

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Hemigrammus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19.   Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 1672)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38376)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Rivers of Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and Amazon basin in Brazil and Peru.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs along the coastal zone and prefers water bodies with little current. Lives in groups. Feeds on worms, small insects, crustaceans and plants (Ref. 7020). The males are generally very much smaller and more svelte than the females. It is a very prolific species and its reproduction can easily be carried out in the aquarium (Ref. 12225). With an incubation temperature of 26°C, hatching of the eggs occurs within 48 to 60 hours (Ref. 27188). Maximum length questionable (Ref. 38376). Aquarium keeping: in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lima, F.C.T., L.R. Malabarba, P.A. Buckup, J.F. Pezzi da Silva, R.P. Vari, A. Harold, R. Benine, O.T. Oyakawa, C.S. Pavanelli, N.A. Menezes, C.A.S. Lucena, M.C.S.L. Malabarba, Z.M.S. Lucena, R.E. Reis, F. Langeani, C. Moreira et al. …, 2003. Genera Incertae Sedis in Characidae. p. 106-168. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 38376)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: highly commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Common names
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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00426 - 0.03395), b=3.05 (2.81 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.41 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.