Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Gerreidae
Etymology: Diapterus: Greek, di = two + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 9 - 70 m (Ref. 9626). Tropical; 35°N - 30°S, 97°W - 32°W
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 13 - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3722); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3722)
Western Atlantic: southern Gulf of Mexico, Central America and the Antilles to Brazil (Ref. 9626).
Common in mangrove-lined lagoons; also found over shallow mud and sand grounds in marine areas. Juveniles common in hypersaline lagoons and in brackish water (Ref. 5217). Probably feeds on small benthic invertebrates. Marketed fresh but not highly esteemed. Minimum depth from Ref. 26912.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and R. Vergara R., 1978. Gerreidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Central Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). Vol. 2. pag.var. (Ref. 3722)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.01014 - 0.01713), b=3.03 (2.96 - 3.10), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .