Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Notropis: A misnomer given by Rafinesque to shriveled specimens, with the meaning of "back keel"; from Greek, noton = back (Ref. 45335); rupestris: Specific epithet is an adjective meaning to live among rocks, referring to the bedrock and rubble pools which the species lives.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 37°N - 36°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58354)
soft rays: 7 - 9. Distinguished from its congeners by the following combination of characters: black-stripe around snout and along side to caudal-fin base, followed by a small black spot; black stripe along side connects a series of crescents, on at the posterior edge of each lateral-line scale; lateral line usually complete; body slender, fairly compressed with notably arched nape; dorsal-fin origin over to slightly behind pelvic-fin origin; small mouth, nearly terminal; predorsal scales 10-14, usually 11-13; gill rakers 8-11, rarely 7; peritoneum black (Ref. 58354).
North America: lower Caney Fork system and nearby tributaries of central Cumberland River drainage in Tennessee, USA.
Occurs usually near emergent vegetation in bedrock pools of headwaters, creeks and small rivers. These areas are prone to intermittency and harbor relatively few other fishes. This species appear to be extreme in its ability to tolerate stagnant conditions resulting from low water (Ref. 58354). Feeds on midge larvae, chydorid cladocerans, water mites, copepods and small mayflies (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and E.C. Beckham, 1987. Notropis rupestris, a new cyprinid from the middle Cumberland River system, Tennessee, with comments on variation in Notropis heterolepis. Copeia 1987(3):659-668. (Ref. 58354)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00296 - 0.01347), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .