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Sperata seenghala  (Sykes, 1839)

Giant river-catfish
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Image of Sperata seenghala (Giant river-catfish)
Sperata seenghala
Picture by Khan, M.M.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Bagridae (Bagrid catfishes)
Etymology: Sperata: After Mr. M.A. Sperat.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 39°N - 8°N

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4833); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4833)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 11 - 12. Body elongate and compressed; snout broad and spatulate. Barbels extend posteriorly to pelvic fins or beyond to anal fin. Dorsal spine weakly serrated on its posterior edge; adipose fin base short, about as long as the rayed dorsal fin base. Color is brownish-gray on back, silvery on flanks and belly. A dark well-defined spot is on the adipose dorsal fin.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bangladesh (Ref. 4833). Reported from Thailand (Ref. 37773) and Yunnan, China (Ref. 84139).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in rivers, canals, beels, ditches, inundated fields and other freshwater areas. Adults fight well and provide good sport. Carnivore. Breeding occurs before the commencement of monsoons. Oviparous, distinct pairing possibly like other members of the same genus (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Volume 2. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: likely future use; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00228 - 0.01266), b=3.12 (2.91 - 3.33), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Fec = 20,064).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (83 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.