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Mastacembelus liberiensis  Boulenger, 1898

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Mastacembelus liberiensis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Synbranchiformes (Spiny eels) > Mastacembelidae (Spiny eels)
Etymology: Mastacembelus: Greek, mastax, -agos = bite + Greek, emballo = to throw oneself (Ref. 45335);  liberiensis: Name from the Latin 'latus' (broad, wide) and the Latin 'cauda' (tail) referring to the shape of the tail (Ref. 55095).   More on author: Boulenger.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Gambia River basin in the west up to the Cess/Nipoué River basin in the east (Ref. 55095, 57415).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55095)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 28 - 35; Dorsal soft rays (total): 82-101; Anal soft rays: 79 - 100; Vertebrae: 92 - 105. Diagnosis: 92-105 total vertebrae (median 99)[Konkouré River basin: 100-104 (median 102)]; 27+1 up to 34+1 (median 31+1) dorsal spines [Konkouré River basin: 29+1 up to 32+1 (median 31+1)]; no reduction of the pre-opercular spines with increasing length (Ref. 57415). No (exceptionally) up to 1 preorbital spine (Ref. 57415). 1 (very exceptionally) to 5 pre-opercular spines (median 2) (Ref. 55095, 57415). Origin of 1st dorsal spine situated posterior to posterior edge of pectoral fin, 4.8-47.4% HL (m=24.8); distance from anterior border of snout to last externally visible dorsal spine 52.6-61.5% SL (m=57.2), comparable to distance from anterior border of snout to last externally visible anal spine, 53.1-61.9% SL (m=57.8), both decreasing with size; post-anal length 42.3-50.9% SL (m=45.9) and increasing with size, shorter than pre-anal length, 48.5-56.8% SL (m=52.6) and decreasing with size, becoming equal to latter with increasing size; 6-12 caudal fin rays; 7-11 predorsal vertebrae; 37-42 abdominal vertebrae; 0-(+2) in-between vertebrae; 53-64 caudal vertebrae (Ref. 57415).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum TL observed was 383mm (Ref. 57415).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Vreven, E.J. and G.G. Teugels, 2005. Redescription of Mastacembelus liberiensis Boulenger, 1898 and description of a new West African spiny-eel (Synbranchiformes: Mastacembelidae) from the Konkoure River basin, Guinea. J. Fish Biol. 67:332-369. (Ref. 55095)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00275 (0.00120 - 0.00632), b=2.96 (2.76 - 3.16), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.