Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos)
Etymology: Seriola: Latin word diminutive with the meaning of a large earthenware pot (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 160 m (Ref. 9710), usually 5 - 35 m (Ref. 40849). Subtropical; 43°N - 38°S, 180°W - 180°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 160 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450); max. published weight: 59.9 kg (Ref. 40637)
soft rays: 18 - 22. Body elongated, moderately deep, and slightly compressed; supra-maxillary very wide; lower branch of first gill arch with 15 to 18 gill rakers in individuals greater than 20cm standard length; anterior lobe of second dorsal fin deep; caudal peduncle with dorsal and ventral fossae; lateral line forming a dermal keel on the caudal peduncle; color highly variable when fresh; back brown, olive, or blue green; flanks and belly paler; nape with a dark vertical bar and a dark line extending back from the eye in adults (Ref. 55763). Olivaceous to bluish green above, lighter below and occasionally with brassy or lavender reflections; adults with dark nuchal bar; midside of body with faint amber stripe; fins dark except for the pelvic fins which are white ventrally (Ref. 3197).
Circumglobal. Indo-West Pacific: Kenya south to South Africa (Ref. 3287) and east to Mariana and Wake islands in Micronesia, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and the Kermadec Islands (Ref. 8879). Absent from the Red Sea and French Polynesia. Likely at Seychelles (Ref. 1623). Eastern Pacific: USA to Peru, including Galapagos Islands (Ref. 2850). Western Atlantic: Cape Cod, USA to northern Argentina (Ref. 9626). Distribution in the eastern Atlantic is not well established. Recently recorded from Lampedusa Island in the Mediterranean (Ref. 47878).
Found in outer reef slopes and offshore banks to 160 m or more. Form small groups (Ref. 26235). Adults are pelagic and demersal (Ref. 9283, 58302). Young often seen around floating objects (Ref. 4887, 48635). Feed mainly on fishes, but also on invertebrates. Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233). Marketed fresh and salted or dried (Ref. 9283). May cause ciguatera poisoning, particularly in coral reef areas (Ref. 5217).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 5217)
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01654 (-0.07246 - 0.10555), b=2.93 (2.87 - 2.99), based on LWR estimates for species & family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (72 of 100) .