Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Anabantidae
Etymology: Sandelia: Greek, sandalion, -ou = a kind of fish related to a sandal (shoe) (Ref. 45335). More on author: Castelnau.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.8 - 8.0; dH range: 10 - 30. Subtropical; 18°C - 22°C (Ref. 2060); 31°S - 33°S
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 6 - 6.9 cm
Max length : 26.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7248); max. published weight: 130.00 g (Ref. 7248)
Africa: Kowie, Great Fish, Buffalo, Keiskamma and Nahoon River systems, southeast Cape, South Africa.
Found in rocky streams, favoring marginal habitats where the current is slow. Preys on insects, crabs and small fish. Is preyed upon by introduced predators such as bass and sharptooth catfish. Breeds in summer. Males guard the eggs and larvae which are found on the substrate (Ref. 41595). Upon hatching, larvae adhered permanently to the substrate at the nesting site (Ref. 41595).
Male prepares the spawning site and guards the eggs. Substrate spawners (Ref. 41595). Upon hatching, larvae adhered permanently to the substrate at the nesting site where they were guarded by the male (Ref. 41595).
Gosse, J.-P., 1986. Anabantidae. p. 402-414. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6803)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.00711 - 0.04058), b=2.97 (2.77 - 3.17), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.59 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .