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Sandelia bainsii  Castelnau, 1861

Rocky kurper
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Image of Sandelia bainsii (Rocky kurper)
Sandelia bainsii
Picture by Cambray, J.A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Anabantidae (Climbing gouramies)
Etymology: Sandelia: Greek, sandalion, -ou = a kind of fish related to a sandal (shoe) (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Castelnau.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.8 - 8.0; dH range: 10 - 30.   Subtropical; 18°C - 22°C (Ref. 2060); 31°S - 33°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 6 - 6.9 cm
Max length : 26.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7248); max. published weight: 130.00 g (Ref. 7248)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Kowie, Great Fish, Buffalo, Keiskamma and Nahoon River systems, southeast Cape, South Africa.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in rocky streams, favoring marginal habitats where the current is slow. Preys on insects, crabs and small fish. Is preyed upon by introduced predators such as bass and sharptooth catfish. Breeds in summer. Males guard the eggs and larvae which are found on the substrate (Ref. 41595). Upon hatching, larvae adhered permanently to the substrate at the nesting site (Ref. 41595).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Male prepares the spawning site and guards the eggs. Substrate spawners (Ref. 41595). Upon hatching, larvae adhered permanently to the substrate at the nesting site where they were guarded by the male (Ref. 41595).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Gosse, J.-P., 1986. Anabantidae. p. 402-414. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6803)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

  Endangered (EN) (B1ab(ii,iii)+2ab(ii,iii))

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
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Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.00701 - 0.04113), b=2.97 (2.77 - 3.17), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.59 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.