Morphology Data of Hippocampus satomiae
Identification keys
Main Ref. Lourie, S.A. and R.H. Kuiter, 2008
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral other
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Extremely small size (height 11 mm, standard length 14 mm); 12 trunk rings; 27–28 tail rings; reduced ossification of inferior and ventral trunk ridges; 13 dorsal fin rays; 9 pectoral fin rays; small or absent anal fin; brooding area in males anterior to anus; well–developed spine on snout between eyes; distinct raised coronet with laterally expanded anterior and posterior flanges ('H–shaped' when viewed from above); snout without a bulbous tip; single gill opening on midline directly behind coronet supported by raised cleithral bone; large spines above eyes (double), laterally on head, on shoulder (cleithral) ring, bordering throat, and on superior trunk ridge (especially well–developed on TrR1–2,5,8 and 12 and TaR4,8,11,14); spines also present on lateral and ventral angles between trunk ridges and rings; spines on superior ridge of first and second trunk rings appear externally as if they are fused (Ref. 79848).

Description: Characterized by white to pale brown color with black spot immediately anterior to eye; operculum, body and tail with blotchy red markings (Ref. 90102).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Hippocampus satomiae

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 13 - 13
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   9 - 9
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Busson, Frédéric
Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei
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