Species under Epinephelus
n= 87
Species name Common name Distribution Max. Length (cm)
Epinephelus adscensionis
(Osbeck, 1765)
Rock hind Western Atlantic 61
Epinephelus aeneus
(Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
White grouper Eastern Atlantic 120
Epinephelus akaara
(Temminck & Schlegel, 1842)
Hong Kong grouper Northwest Pacific 58
Epinephelus albomarginatus
Boulenger, 1903
White-edged grouper Western Indian Ocean 100
Epinephelus amblycephalus
(Bleeker, 1857)
Banded grouper Western Pacific 50
Epinephelus analogus
Gill, 1863
Spotted grouper Eastern Pacific 114
Epinephelus andersoni
Boulenger, 1903
Catface grouper Southeast Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean 87
Epinephelus areolatus
(Forsskål, 1775)
Areolate grouper Indo-Pacific 47
Epinephelus awoara
(Temminck & Schlegel, 1842)
Yellow grouper Northwest Pacific 60
Epinephelus bilobatus
Randall & Allen, 1987
Frostback rockcod Eastern Indian Ocean 33
Epinephelus bleekeri
(Vaillant, 1878)
Duskytail grouper Indo-West Pacific 76
Epinephelus bontoides
(Bleeker, 1855)
Palemargin grouper Western Pacific 30
Epinephelus bruneus
Bloch, 1793
Longtooth grouper Northwest Pacific 136
Epinephelus caninus
(Valenciennes, 1843)
Dogtooth grouper Eastern Atlantic 164
Epinephelus chabaudi
(Castelnau, 1861)
Moustache grouper Western Indian Ocean 137
Epinephelus chlorocephalus
(Valenciennes, 1830)
Tonga grouper Eastern Central Pacific 17.1
Epinephelus chlorostigma
(Valenciennes, 1828)
Brownspotted grouper Indo-Pacific 80
Epinephelus cifuentesi
Lavenberg & Grove, 1993
Olive grouper Eastern Pacific 100
Epinephelus clippertonensis
Allen & Robertson, 1999
Eastern Central Pacific 61
Epinephelus coeruleopunctatus
(Bloch, 1790)
Whitespotted grouper Indo-Pacific 76
Epinephelus coioides
(Hamilton, 1822)
Orange-spotted grouper Indo-West Pacific 120
Epinephelus corallicola
(Valenciennes, 1828)
Coral grouper Western Pacific 49
Epinephelus costae
(Steindachner, 1878)
Goldblotch grouper Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea 140
Epinephelus cyanopodus
(Richardson, 1846)
Speckled blue grouper Western Pacific 122
Epinephelus daemelii
(Günther, 1876)
Saddletail grouper Southwest Pacific 200
Epinephelus darwinensis
Randall & Heemstra, 1991
Darwin grouper Western Central Pacific 53.5
Epinephelus diacanthus
(Valenciennes, 1828)
Spinycheek grouper Indian Ocean 55
Epinephelus drummondhayi
Goode & Bean, 1878
Speckled hind Western Atlantic 110
Epinephelus epistictus
(Temminck & Schlegel, 1842)
Dotted grouper Indo-West Pacific 80
Epinephelus erythrurus
(Valenciennes, 1828)
Cloudy grouper Indo-West Pacific 45
Epinephelus fasciatomaculosus
(Peters, 1865)
Rock grouper Western Pacific 30
Epinephelus fasciatus
(Forsskål, 1775)
Blacktip grouper Indo-Pacific 40
Epinephelus faveatus
(Valenciennes, 1828)
Barred-chest grouper Eastern Indian Ocean 32
Epinephelus flavocaeruleus
(Lacepède, 1802)
Blue-and-yellow grouper Indian Ocean 90
Epinephelus fuscoguttatus
(Forsskål, 1775)
Brown-marbled grouper Indo-Pacific 120
Epinephelus gabriellae
Randall & Heemstra, 1991
Multispotted grouper Western Indian Ocean 52
Epinephelus goreensis
(Valenciennes, 1830)
Dungat grouper Eastern Atlantic 140
Epinephelus guttatus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Red hind Western Atlantic 76
Epinephelus heniochus
Fowler, 1904
Bridled grouper Western Pacific 35
Epinephelus hexagonatus
(Forster, 1801)
Starspotted grouper Indo-West Pacific 27.5
Epinephelus howlandi
(Günther, 1873)
Blacksaddle grouper Western Pacific 55
Epinephelus indistinctus
Randall & Heemstra, 1991
Somali grouper Western Indian Ocean 80
Epinephelus irroratus
(Forster, 1801)
Marquesan grouper Pacific Ocean 34
Epinephelus itajara
(Lichtenstein, 1822)
Atlantic goliath grouper Western Atlantic 250
Epinephelus labriformis
(Jenyns, 1840)
Starry grouper Eastern Pacific 60
Epinephelus lanceolatus
(Bloch, 1790)
Giant grouper Indo-Pacific 270
Epinephelus latifasciatus
(Temminck & Schlegel, 1842)
Striped grouper Indo-West Pacific 137
Epinephelus lebretonianus
(Hombron & Jacquinot, 1853)
Mystery grouper Probably Indo-Pacific 25
Epinephelus longispinis
(Kner, 1864)
Longspine grouper Indo-West Pacific 55
Epinephelus macrospilos
(Bleeker, 1855)
Snubnose grouper Indo-Pacific 51
Epinephelus maculatus
(Bloch, 1790)
Highfin grouper Pacific Ocean 60.5
Epinephelus magniscuttis
Postel, Fourmanoir & Guézé, 1963
Speckled grouper Indo-West Pacific 150
Epinephelus malabaricus
(Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Malabar grouper Indo-Pacific 234
Epinephelus marginatus
(Lowe, 1834)
Dusky grouper East and Southwest Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean 150
Epinephelus melanostigma
Schultz, 1953
One-blotch grouper Indo-West Pacific 35
Epinephelus merra
Bloch, 1793
Honeycomb grouper Indo-Pacific 32
Epinephelus miliaris
(Valenciennes, 1830)
Netfin grouper Indo-West Pacific 53
Epinephelus morio
(Valenciennes, 1828)
Red grouper Western Atlantic 125
Epinephelus morrhua
(Valenciennes, 1833)
Comet grouper Indo-Pacific 90
Epinephelus multinotatus
(Peters, 1876)
White-blotched grouper Indian Ocean 100
Epinephelus ongus
(Bloch, 1790)
White-streaked grouper Indo-West Pacific 40
Epinephelus poecilonotus
(Temminck & Schlegel, 1842)
Dot-dash grouper Indo-West Pacific 65
Epinephelus polylepis
Randall & Heemstra, 1991
Smallscaled grouper Western Indian Ocean 61
Epinephelus polyphekadion
(Bleeker, 1849)
Camouflage grouper Indo-Pacific 90
Epinephelus polystigma
(Bleeker, 1853)
White-dotted grouper Asia and Oceania 48
Epinephelus posteli
Fourmanoir & Crosnier, 1964
Striped-fin grouper Western Indian Ocean 100
Epinephelus quinquefasciatus
(Bocourt, 1868)
Pacific goliath grouper Eastern Pacific 250
Epinephelus quoyanus
(Valenciennes, 1830)
Longfin grouper Western Pacific 40
Epinephelus radiatus
(Day, 1868)
Oblique-banded grouper Indo-West Pacific 70
Epinephelus retouti
Bleeker, 1868
Red-tipped grouper Indo-Pacific 50
Epinephelus rivulatus
(Valenciennes, 1830)
Halfmoon grouper Indo-West Pacific 45
Epinephelus sexfasciatus
(Valenciennes, 1828)
Sixbar grouper Western Central Pacific 40
Epinephelus socialis
(Günther, 1873)
Surge grouper Pacific Ocean 52
Epinephelus spilotoceps
Schultz, 1953
Foursaddle grouper Indo-West-Pacific 35
Epinephelus stictus
Randall & Allen, 1987
Black-dotted grouper Eastern Indian Ocean and Western Pacific 33
Epinephelus stoliczkae
(Day, 1875)
Epaulet grouper Western Indian Ocean 38
Epinephelus striatus
(Bloch, 1792)
Nassau grouper Western Atlantic 122
Epinephelus suborbitalis
Amaoka & Randall, 1990
Seamount grouper Northwest Pacific 118
Epinephelus summana
(Forsskål, 1775)
Summan grouper Western Indian Ocean 52
Epinephelus tauvina
(Forsskål, 1775)
Greasy grouper Indo-Pacific 100
Epinephelus timorensis
Randall & Allen, 1987
Yellowspotted grouper Eastern Indian Ocean 26.5
Epinephelus trimaculatus
(Valenciennes, 1828)
Threespot grouper Northwest Pacific 50
Epinephelus trophis
Randall & Allen, 1987
Plump grouper Eastern Indian Ocean 12.5
Epinephelus tuamotuensis
Fourmanoir, 1971
Reticulate grouper Eastern Central Pacific 66
Epinephelus tukula
Morgans, 1959
Potato grouper Indo-West Pacific 200
Epinephelus undulatostriatus
(Peters, 1866)
Maori rockcod Western Pacific 61
Epinephelus undulosus
(Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Wavy-lined grouper Indo-West Pacific 120
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