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Family: Labridae Wrasses



(See list of species below)



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549 species in
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549 species

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Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Acantholabrus palloni Scale-rayed wrasse Eastern Atlantic 25 TL 1810
Achoerodus gouldii Western blue groper Eastern Indian Ocean 175 TL 1843
Achoerodus viridis Eastern blue groper Southwest Pacific 62 TL 1866
Ammolabrus dicrus Sand wrasse Eastern Central Pacific 9.4 SL 1997
Anampses caeruleopunctatus Bluespotted wrasse Indo-West Pacific 42 TL 1829
Anampses chrysocephalus Red tail wrasse Pacific Ocean 17 TL 1958
Anampses cuvier Pearl wrasse Pacific Ocean 31 TL 1824
Anampses elegans Elegant wrasse Southwest Pacific 29 TL 1889
Anampses femininus Blue-striped orange tamarin Pacific Ocean 24 TL 1972
Anampses geographicus Geographic wrasse Indo-West Pacific 31 TL 1840
Anampses lennardi Blue-and-yellow wrasse Eastern Indian Ocean 28 TL 1959
Anampses lineatus Lined wrasse Indo-West Pacific 13 TL 1972
Anampses melanurus White-spotted wrasse Pacific Ocean 12 TL 1857
Anampses meleagrides Spotted wrasse Indo-Pacific 22 TL 1840
Anampses neoguinaicus New Guinea wrasse Western Pacific 20 SL 1878
Anampses twistii Yellowbreasted wrasse Indo-Pacific 18 TL 1856
Anchichoerops natalensis Natal wrasse Western Indian Ocean 75 TL 1909
Austrolabrus maculatus Eastern Indian Ocean 12.6 SL 1881
Bodianus albotaeniatus Eastern Central Pacific 32.8 SL 1839
Bodianus anthioides Lyretail hogfish Indo-Pacific 24 SL 1832
Bodianus atrolumbus Palebar hogfish Western Indian Ocean 30.7 SL 1839
Bodianus axillaris Axilspot hogfish Indo-Pacific 20 SL 1832
Bodianus bathycapros Central Pacific 45.6 SL 2006
Bodianus bennetti Lemon-striped pygmy hogfish Western Pacific 10.9 SL 2016
Bodianus bilunulatus Tarry hogfish Indo-West Pacific 55 TL 1801
Bodianus bimaculatus Twospot hogfish Indo-Pacific 5.9 SL 1973
Bodianus busellatus Central Pacific 2006
Bodianus cylindriatus Western Pacific 14.2 SL 1930
Bodianus diana Diana's hogfish Indian Ocean 16.9 SL 1801
Bodianus dictynna Redfin hogfish Western Pacific 14.4 SL 2006
Bodianus diplotaenia Mexican hogfish Eastern Pacific 76 TL 1862
Bodianus eclancheri Harlequin wrasse Southeast Pacific 61 TL 1846
Bodianus flavifrons Masked pigfish Southwest Pacific 42.2 SL 2001
Bodianus flavipinnis Yellowfin pigfish Southwest Pacific 36.8 SL 2001
Bodianus frenchii Foxfish Indo-West Pacific 45 TL 1879
Bodianus insularis Island hogfish Eastern Atlantic 33 TL 1980
Bodianus izuensis Striped pigfish Western Pacific 10 SL 1975
Bodianus leucosticticus Lined hogfish Indo-West Pacific 24.2 SL 1832
Bodianus loxozonus Blackfin hogfish Western Pacific 47 TL 1908
Bodianus macrognathos Giant hogfish Western Indian Ocean 62 TL 1974
Bodianus macrourus Black-banded hogfish Western Indian Ocean 32 TL 1801
Bodianus masudai Western Pacific 12 SL 1975
Bodianus mesothorax Splitlevel hogfish Western Pacific between W 25 TL 1801
Bodianus neilli Bay of Bengal hogfish Indian Ocean 20 TL 1867
Bodianus neopercularis Western Pacific 9.7 SL 2006
Bodianus opercularis Blackspot hogfish Indian Ocean 18 TL 1847
Bodianus oxycephalus Northwestern Pacific 29 SL 1862
Bodianus paraleucosticticus Western Pacific 9.9 SL 2006
Bodianus perditio Golden-spot hogfish Pacific Ocean 80 SL 1834
Bodianus prognathus Eastern Central Pacific 17.9 SL 1981
Bodianus pulchellus Spotfin hogfish Western Atlantic 28.5 TL 1860
Bodianus rubrisos Red-sashed hogfish Western Pacific 20.2 SL 2006
Bodianus rufus Spanish hogfish Western Atlantic 40 TL 1758
Bodianus sanguineus Sunrise wrasse Eastern Central Pacific 19 SL 1903
Bodianus scrofa Barred hogfish Eastern Atlantic 51 TL 1839
Bodianus sepiacaudus Crescent-tail hogfish Western Central Pacific 8.7 SL 2006
Bodianus solatus Sunburnt pigfish Eastern Indian Ocean 35 SL 2006
Bodianus speciosus Blackbar hogfish Eastern Central Atlantic 50 SL 1825
Bodianus tanyokidus Indo-West Pacific, Comoro 17.7 SL 1981
Bodianus thoracotaeniatus Northwest Pacific 14.8 SL 1982
Bodianus trilineatus Fourline hogfish Western Indian Ocean 28 TL 1934
Bodianus unimaculatus Red pigfish Southwest Pacific 50 TL 1862
Bodianus vulpinus Western pigfish Eastern Indian Ocean 43.5 SL 1850
Centrolabrus exoletus Rock cook Eastern Atlantic 18 TL 1758
Centrolabrus melanocercus Mediterranean Sea 14 TL 1810
Cheilinus abudjubbe Western Indian Ocean 21.8 SL 1835
Cheilinus chlorourus Floral wrasse Indo-Pacific 45 TL 1791
Cheilinus fasciatus Redbreasted wrasse Indo-Pacific 40 SL 1791
Cheilinus lunulatus Broomtail wrasse Western Indian Ocean 50 TL 1775
Cheilinus oxycephalus Snooty wrasse Indo-Pacific 17 TL 1853
Cheilinus trilobatus Tripletail wrasse Indo-Pacific 45 TL 1801
Cheilinus undulatus Humphead wrasse Indo-Pacific 229 SL 1835
Cheilio inermis Cigar wrasse Indo-Pacific 50 SL 1775
Choerodon anchorago Orange-dotted tuskfish Indo-West Pacific 50 TL 1791
Choerodon aurulentus Gilded tuskfish South Pacific 78.1 SL 2017
Choerodon azurio Azurio tuskfish Western Pacific 40 TL 1901
Choerodon cauteroma Bluespotted tuskfish Eastern Indian Ocean 36 TL 1987
Choerodon cephalotes Purple tuskfish Indo-West Pacific 38 TL 1875
Choerodon cyanodus Blue tuskfish Indo-West Pacific 70 TL 1843
Choerodon cypselurus Swallowtail tuskfish Western Central Indian Oc 23.4 SL 2017
Choerodon fasciatus Harlequin tuskfish Western Pacific 30 TL 1867
Choerodon frenatus Bridled tuskfish Western Central Pacific 1910
Choerodon gomoni Gomon's tuskfish Western Central Pacific 10.3 SL 2002
Choerodon graphicus Graphic tuskfish Western Pacific 51.5 TL 1885
Choerodon gymnogenys Indo-West Pacific 20 TL 1867
Choerodon japonicus Indo-West Pacific 15.2 SL 1958
Choerodon jordani Jordan's tuskfish Western Pacific 17 TL 1908
Choerodon margaritiferus Pearly tuskfish Western Central Pacific 11 SL 1928
Choerodon melanostigma Western Central Pacific 1928
Choerodon monostigma Dark-spot tuskfish Western Central Pacific 25 TL 1910
Choerodon oligacanthus White-patch tuskfish Western Central Pacific 28.2 SL 1851
Choerodon paynei Payne's tuskfish Eastern Indian Ocean 1945
Choerodon robustus Robust tuskfish Indo-West Pacific 35 TL 1862
Choerodon rubescens Baldchin groper Eastern Indian Ocean 90 TL 1862
Choerodon schoenleinii Blackspot tuskfish Indo-West Pacific 100 TL 1839
Choerodon skaiopygmaeus Western pygmy tuskfish Western Indian Ocean, Som 13.8 SL 2017
Choerodon sugillatum Wedge-tailed tuskfish Western Pacific 24 TL 1987
Choerodon venustus Venus tuskfish Western Pacific 65 TL 1884
Choerodon vitta Redstripe tuskfish Western Pacific 20 TL 1910
Choerodon zamboangae Purple eyebrowed tuskfish Indo-West Pacific 45 TL 1907
Choerodon zosterophorus Zoster wrasse Western Central Pacific 25 TL 1868
Cirrhilabrus adornatus Red-fin fairy wrasse Eastern Indian Ocean 6.3 SL 1998
Cirrhilabrus africanus African longfin fairy wrasse Western Indian Ocean 6.5 SL 2016
Cirrhilabrus aurantidorsalis Orangeback fairy-warsse Western Central Pacific 10 TL 1999
Cirrhilabrus balteatus Girdled wrasse Western Central Pacific 10 TL 1988
Cirrhilabrus bathyphilus Deepwater wrasse Western Pacific 7.6 SL 2002
Cirrhilabrus beauperryi Beau’s wrasse Western Pacific 8.5 SL 2008
Cirrhilabrus blatteus Purple-boned wrasse Western Indian Ocean 16 TL 1974
Cirrhilabrus brunneus Dusky fairy-warsse Western Pacific 4.4 SL 2006
Cirrhilabrus cenderawasih Cenderawasih wrasse Western Pacific 6.5 SL 2006
Cirrhilabrus claire Eastern Central Pacific 8.4 SL 2001
Cirrhilabrus condei Conde's wrasse Western Pacific 8 TL 1996
Cirrhilabrus cyanogularis Blue-throated fairy-wrasse Indo-West Pacific 6.2 SL 2018
Cirrhilabrus cyanopleura Blueside wrasse Indo-West Pacific 15 SL 1851
Cirrhilabrus earlei Orange-striped wrasse Western Central Pacific 6.9 SL 2001
Cirrhilabrus efatensis Hooded fairy wrasse Western Pacific 6.9 SL 2017
Cirrhilabrus exquisitus Exquisite wrasse Indo-Pacific 12 SL 1957
Cirrhilabrus filamentosus Whip-fin wrasse Western Pacific 8 TL 1976
Cirrhilabrus flavidorsalis Yellowfin fairy wrasse Western Central Pacific 6.5 TL 1980
Cirrhilabrus greeni Sunset fairy-wrasse Western Indian Ocean 4.7 SL 2017
Cirrhilabrus humanni Human's fairy-warsse Western Pacific 5.4 SL 2012
Cirrhilabrus hygroxerus Monsoon Fairy-wrasse Eastern Indian Ocean 5.6 SL 2016
Cirrhilabrus isosceles Pintail fairy-wrasse Western Pacific 5.7 SL 2016
Cirrhilabrus joanallenae Joan's fairy-warsse Eastern Indian Ocean 8.5 TL 2000
Cirrhilabrus johnsoni Johnson's wrasse Western Central Pacific 6 TL 1988
Cirrhilabrus jordani Flame wrasse Eastern Central Pacific 10 TL 1904
Cirrhilabrus katherinae Katherine's wrasse Western Pacific 7.1 SL 1992
Cirrhilabrus katoi Northwest Pacific 7.5 SL 2000
Cirrhilabrus laboutei Laboute's wrasse Western Central Pacific 12 TL 1982
Cirrhilabrus lanceolatus Long-tailed wrasse Western Pacific 8.8 SL 1991
Cirrhilabrus lineatus Purplelined wrasse Western Central Pacific 12 TL 1982
Cirrhilabrus lubbocki Lubbock's wrasse Western Central Pacific 8 TL 1980
Cirrhilabrus lunatus Northwest Pacific 8.5 SL 1991
Cirrhilabrus luteovittatus Yellowband wrasse Pacific Ocean 12 TL 1988
Cirrhilabrus marinda Sailfin fairy-wrasse Western Pacific 4.6 SL 2015
Cirrhilabrus marjorie Marjorie's Wrasse Western Central Pacific 5.8 SL 2003
Cirrhilabrus melanomarginatus Blackfin fairy-warsse Western Pacific 13 SL 1978
Cirrhilabrus morrisoni Morrison's wrasse Eastern Indian Ocean 5.5 SL 1999
Cirrhilabrus nahackyi Nahacky's wrasse Western Central Pacific 6.5 SL 2012
Cirrhilabrus naokoae Naoko's Fairy Wrasse Eastern Indian Ocean 6 SL 2009
Cirrhilabrus punctatus Dotted wrasse Western Pacific 13 TL 1989
Cirrhilabrus pylei Pyle's wrasse Western Pacific 9 TL 1996
Cirrhilabrus randalli Randall's wrasse Eastern Indian Ocean 8.4 SL 1995
Cirrhilabrus rhomboidalis Rhomboid wrasse Western Central Pacific 8.5 TL 1988
Cirrhilabrus roseafascia pink-banded fairy-warsse Western Central Pacific 10 TL 1982
Cirrhilabrus rubeus Ruby longfin fairy wrasse Central Indian Ocean 5.3 SL 2016
Cirrhilabrus rubrimarginatus Red-margined wrasse Western Pacific 12.2 SL 1992
Cirrhilabrus rubripinnis Redfin wrasse Western Central Pacific 9.1 TL 1980
Cirrhilabrus rubrisquamis Western Indian Ocean 7.2 SL 1983
Cirrhilabrus rubriventralis Longfin fairy wrasse Western Indian Ocean 7.5 TL 1974
Cirrhilabrus ryukyuensis Western Pacific 1904
Cirrhilabrus sanguineus Western Indian Ocean 6.7 SL 1987
Cirrhilabrus scottorum Scott's wrasse Pacific Ocean 13 TL 1989
Cirrhilabrus shutmani Magma fairy wrasse Western Central Pacific 5.6 SL 2017
Cirrhilabrus solorensis Red-eye wrasse Western Central Pacific 11 TL 1853
Cirrhilabrus squirei Squire's fairy wrasse Western Pacific 5.6 SL 2014
Cirrhilabrus temminckii Threadfin wrasse Western Pacific 9.9 SL 1853
Cirrhilabrus tonozukai Tono's wrasse Western Central Pacific 7.5 TL 1999
Cirrhilabrus wakanda Vibranium fairy wrasse Western Indian Ocean 7.0 SL 2019
Cirrhilabrus walindi Walindi fairy-warsse Western Pacific 7 TL 1996
Cirrhilabrus walshi Eastern Central Pacific 6.3 SL 2001
Clepticus africanus African Creole wrasse Northeast Atlantic 2000
Clepticus brasiliensis Southwest Atlantic 23.3 SL 2000
Clepticus parrae Creole wrasse Western Atlantic 30 TL 1801
Conniella apterygia Mutant wrasse Eastern Indian Ocean 8 TL 1983
Coris atlantica Eastern Atlantic 1862
Coris auricularis Western king wrasse Eastern Indian Ocean 40 TL 1839
Coris aurilineata Goldlined coris Western Pacific 14 TL 1982
Coris aygula Clown coris Indo-Pacific 120 TL 1801
Coris ballieui Eastern Central Pacific 30 TL 1875
Coris batuensis Batu coris Indo-Pacific 17 TL 1856
Coris bulbifrons Doubleheader Southwest Pacific 60 TL 1982
Coris caudimacula Spottail coris Indian Ocean 20 TL 1834
Coris centralis Eastern Central Pacific 9.2 SL 1999
Coris cuvieri Indian Ocean 38 TL 1831
Coris debueni De Buen's coris Eastern Pacific 27 NG 1999
Coris dorsomacula Pale-barred coris Western Pacific 38 TL 1908
Coris flavovittata Yellowstripe coris Eastern Central Pacific 50.8 SL 1828
Coris formosa Queen coris Western Indian Ocean 60 TL 1830
Coris gaimard African coris Pacific Ocean 40 TL 1824
Coris hewetti Eastern Central Pacific 13.9 SL 1999
Coris julis Mediterranean rainbow wrasse Eastern Atlantic 30 SL 1758
Coris latifasciata Indian Ocean 9.4 SL 2013
Coris marquesensis Eastern Central Pacific 23 SL 1999
Coris musume Northwest Pacific 1904
Coris nigrotaenia Blackbar coris Western Indian Ocean 43.5 TL 1995
Coris picta Comb wrasse Western Pacific 25 TL 1801
Coris pictoides Blackstripe coris Western Pacific 15 TL 1982
Coris roseoviridis Eastern Central Pacific 19.8 SL 1999
Coris sandeyeri Sandager's wrasse Southwest Pacific 25 TL 1884
Coris variegata Dapple coris Western Indian Ocean 20 TL 1835
Coris venusta Elegant coris Eastern Central Pacific 19.3 TL 1875
Ctenolabrus rupestris Goldsinny-wrasse Eastern Atlantic 18 TL 1758
Cymolutes lecluse Sharp-headed wrasse Eastern Central Pacific 17.8 SL 1824
Cymolutes praetextatus Knife razorfish Indo-Pacific 20 SL 1834
Cymolutes torquatus Finescale razorfish Indo-Pacific 20 TL 1840
Decodon grandisquamis Largescale wrasse Western Indian Ocean 18.5 TL 1968
Decodon melasma Blackspot wrasse Eastern Pacific 32.3 TL 1974
Decodon pacificus Ten-tooth wrasse Northwest Pacific 16 SL 1952
Decodon puellaris Red hogfish Western Atlantic 30 TL 1860
Diproctacanthus xanthurus Yellowtail tubelip Western Central Pacific 10 TL 1856
Doratonotus megalepis Dwarf wrasse Western Atlantic 9.4 TL 1862
Dotalabrus alleni Little rainbow wrasse Eastern Indian Ocean 8.4 SL 1988
Dotalabrus aurantiacus Castelnau's wrasse Eastern Indian Ocean 11.1 SL 1872
Epibulus brevis Latent slingjaw wrasse Western Pacific 18.5 SL 2008
Epibulus insidiator Sling-jaw wrasse Indo-Pacific 54 SL 1770
Eupetrichthys angustipes Snakeskin wrasse Eastern Indian Ocean 12.4 SL 1888
Frontilabrus caeruleus Western Indian Ocean 9.4 SL 1989
Gomphosus caeruleus Green birdmouth wrasse Indian Ocean 32 TL 1801
Gomphosus varius Bird wrasse Indo-Pacific 30 SL 1801
Halichoeres adustus Black wrasse Eastern Pacific 12.5 TL 1890
Halichoeres aestuaricola Mangrove wrasse Eastern Pacific 22 TL 1972
Halichoeres argus Argus wrasse Indo-West Pacific 12 TL 1801
Halichoeres bathyphilus Greenband wrasse Western Atlantic 23 TL 1932
Halichoeres bicolor Pearly-spotted wrasse Indo-West Pacific 12 TL 1801
Halichoeres binotopsis Saowisata wrasse Western Pacific 8.9 SL 1849
Halichoeres biocellatus Red-lined wrasse Western Pacific 12 TL 1960
Halichoeres bivittatus Slippery dick Western Atlantic 35 TL 1791
Halichoeres bleekeri Western Pacific 12.2 SL 1887
Halichoeres brasiliensis Brazilian wrasse Southwest Atlantic 39.5 SL 1791
Halichoeres brownfieldi Brownfields wrasse Eastern Indian Ocean 15 TL 1945
Halichoeres burekae Mardi Gras wrasse Western Atlantic 7.7 SL 2007
Halichoeres caudalis Painted wrasse Western Atlantic 20 TL 1860
Halichoeres chierchiae Wounded wrasse Eastern Central Pacific 17.5 TL 1948
Halichoeres chlorocephalus Greenhead wrasse Western Central Pacific 7.5 SL 1995
Halichoeres chloropterus Pastel-green wrasse Western Central Pacific 19 SL 1791
Halichoeres chrysotaenia Indian Ocean pinstriped wrasse Indian Ocean 13 TL 1853
Halichoeres chrysus Canary wrasse Eastern Indian Ocean 12 TL 1981
Halichoeres claudia Claudia's wrasse Pacific Ocean 8.8 SL 2009
Halichoeres cosmetus Adorned wrasse Western Indian Ocean 13 TL 1982
Halichoeres cyanocephalus Yellowcheek wrasse Western Atlantic 30 TL 1791
Halichoeres dimidiatus Southwest Atlantic 27 SL 1831
Halichoeres discolor Cocos wrasse Eastern Central Pacific 15 TL 1983
Halichoeres dispilus Chameleon wrasse Eastern Pacific 25 TL 1864
Halichoeres erdmanni Erdmann's wrasse Western Pacific 7.2 SL 2010
Halichoeres garnoti Yellowhead wrasse Western Atlantic 19.3 TL 1839
Halichoeres hartzfeldii Hartzfeld's wrasse Western Pacific 18 TL 1852
Halichoeres hilomeni Hilomen's wrasse Western Central Pacific 9.6 SL 2010
Halichoeres hortulanus Checkerboard wrasse Indo-Pacific 27 TL 1801
Halichoeres insularis Socorro wrasse Eastern Central Pacific 7 TL 1992
Halichoeres iridis Western Indian Ocean 11.5 TL 1982
Halichoeres kallochroma Eastern Indian Ocean 12 TL 1853
Halichoeres kneri Kner's wrasse Western Pacific 10 TL 1862
Halichoeres lapillus Jewelled wrasse Western Indian Ocean 14 TL 1947
Halichoeres leptotaenia Western Indian Ocean 10.4 SL 1994
Halichoeres leucoxanthus Canarytop wrasse Indian Ocean 12 TL 1982
Halichoeres leucurus Greyhead wrasse Western Pacific 13 TL 1792
Halichoeres maculipinna Clown wrasse Western Atlantic 18 TL 1848
Halichoeres malpelo Malpelo wrasse Eastern Central Pacific 15 TL 1992
Halichoeres margaritaceus Pink-belly wrasse Indo-Pacific 12.5 SL 1839



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cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013