Other identification tools | FishBase

Fish Identification: Find Species


Family: Synodontidae Lizardfishes



(See list of species below)



Select Class:     Select Order:   
Select Family: Subfamily:     Select Genus:

Select Ocean (marine/brackish) or Continent (freshwater):
                                                          Specify a country:

Total number of spines in dorsal and anal fins (optional)


70 species (see list below)

1 of 1 Jump to:
No picture found
Western Indian Ocean

 
Harpadon erythraeus
[]

Photo by Reyes, R.B.

Indo-Pacific.
Max. Length 70 cm SL
Harpadon microchir Günther, 1878

Photo by Reyes, R.B.
 
Harpadon microchir
[]

Photo by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 40 cm TL
Harpadon nehereus (Hamilton, 1822)

Photo by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.
 
Harpadon nehereus
[Bombay-duck]
No picture found
Indian Ocean

 
Harpadon squamosus
[]

Photo by CSIRO

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 70 cm TL
Harpadon translucens Saville-Kent, 1889

Photo by CSIRO
 
Harpadon translucens
[Glassy Bombay duck]
No picture found
Western Pacific
Max. Length 29 cm SL

 
Saurida argentea
[Shortfin saury]

Photo by Flescher, D.

Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Saurida brasiliensis Norman, 1935

Photo by Flescher, D.
 
Saurida brasiliensis
[Brazilian lizardfish]

Photo by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory

Western Atlantic
Max. Length 18 cm TL
Saurida caribbaea Breder, 1927

Photo by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory
 
Saurida caribbaea
[Smallscale lizardfish]

Photo by The Fish Database of Taiwan

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 50 cm SL
Saurida elongata (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)

Photo by The Fish Database of Taiwan
 
Saurida elongata
[Slender lizardfish]

Photo by The Fish Database of Taiwan

Western Pacific
Max. Length 22 cm SL
Saurida filamentosa Ogilby, 1910

Photo by The Fish Database of Taiwan
 
Saurida filamentosa
[Threadfin saury]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Eastern Central Pacific
Max. Length 30.5 cm SL
Saurida flamma Waples, 1982

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Saurida flamma
[Orangemouth lizardfish]
No picture found
Red Sea
Max. Length 27.6 cm SL

 
Saurida golanii
[Golani’s lizardfish]

Photo by Strauss, P.

Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 32 cm SL
Saurida gracilis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)

Photo by Strauss, P.
 
Saurida gracilis
[Gracile lizardfish]

Photo by FAO

Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 12 cm SL
Saurida isarankurai Shindo & Yamada, 1972

Photo by FAO
 
Saurida isarankurai
[Shortjaw saury]

Photo by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Saurida longimanus Norman, 1939

Photo by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.
 
Saurida longimanus
[Longfin lizardfish]
No picture found
Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 25.8 cm SL

 
Saurida macrolepis
[]
No picture found
Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 45 cm SL

 
Saurida microlepis
[]

Photo by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 38 cm TL
Saurida micropectoralis Shindo & Yamada, 1972

Photo by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.
 
Saurida micropectoralis
[Shortfin lizardfish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 16.5 cm SL
Saurida nebulosa Valenciennes, 1850

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Saurida nebulosa
[Clouded lizardfish]

Photo by Duarte, L.O.

Western Atlantic
Max. Length 45 cm TL
Saurida normani Longley, 1935

Photo by Duarte, L.O.
 
Saurida normani
[Shortjaw lizardfish]
No picture found
Indian Ocean

 
Saurida pseudotumbil
[]

Photo by Carvalho Filho et al

Western Atlantic
Max. Length 9 cm TL
Saurida suspicio Breder, 1927

Photo by Carvalho Filho et al
 
Saurida suspicio
[Suspicious lizardfish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 60 cm FL
Saurida tumbil (Bloch, 1795)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Saurida tumbil
[Greater lizardfish]
No picture found
Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 33.7 cm SL

 
Saurida umeyoshii
[]

Photo by Hermosa, Jr., G.V.

Eastern Indian Ocean, Mal
Max. Length 50 cm SL
Saurida undosquamis (Richardson, 1848)

Photo by Hermosa, Jr., G.V.
 
Saurida undosquamis
[Brushtooth lizardfish]

Photo by Reyes, R.B.

Indo-West Pacific.
Max. Length 65 cm SL
Saurida wanieso Shindo & Yamada, 1972

Photo by Reyes, R.B.
 
Saurida wanieso
[Wanieso lizardfish]

Photo by Patzner, R.

Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 18 cm TL
Synodus binotatus Schultz, 1953

Photo by Patzner, R.
 
Synodus binotatus
[Two-spot lizard fish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Pacific Ocean
Max. Length 21 cm SL
Synodus capricornis Cressey & Randall, 1978

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Synodus capricornis
[Capricorn lizardfish]

Photo by Field, R.

Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 24 cm TL
Synodus dermatogenys Fowler, 1912

Photo by Field, R.
 
Synodus dermatogenys
[Sand lizardfish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 28 cm TL
Synodus doaki Russell & Cressey, 1979

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Synodus doaki
[Arrowtooth lizardfish]

Photo by Robertson, R.

Eastern Pacific

Synodus evermanni Jordan & Bollman, 1890

Photo by Robertson, R.
 
Synodus evermanni
[Inotted lizardfish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Eastern Central Pacific
Max. Length 14.5 cm SL
Synodus falcatus Waples & Randall, 1989

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Synodus falcatus
[]
No picture found
Western Pacific
Max. Length 9.7 cm SL

 
Synodus fasciapelvicus
[]

Photo by IGFA

Western Atlantic
Max. Length 48.3 cm FL
Synodus foetens (Linnaeus, 1766)

Photo by IGFA
 
Synodus foetens
[Inshore lizardfish]

Photo by Suzuki, T.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 17.2 cm SL
Synodus fuscus Tanaka, 1917

Photo by Suzuki, T.
 
Synodus fuscus
[]
No picture found
Indian Ocean

 
Synodus gibbsi
[]

Photo by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 26 cm TL
Synodus hoshinonis Tanaka, 1917

Photo by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.
 
Synodus hoshinonis
[Blackear lizardfish]

Photo by Field, R.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 33 cm TL
Synodus indicus (Day, 1873)

Photo by Field, R.
 
Synodus indicus
[Indian lizardfish]

Photo by Patzner, R.

Western Atlantic
Max. Length 46 cm TL
Synodus intermedius (Spix & Agassiz, 1829)

Photo by Patzner, R.
 
Synodus intermedius
[Sand diver]
No picture found
Southeast Pacific
Max. Length 24.1 cm SL

 
Synodus isolatus
[Rapanui lizardfish]

Photo by Patzner, R.

Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Synodus jaculum Russell & Cressey, 1979

Photo by Patzner, R.
 
Synodus jaculum
[Lighthouse lizardfish]

Photo by CSIRO

Pacific Ocean
Max. Length 30 cm SL
Synodus kaianus (Günther, 1880)

Photo by CSIRO
 
Synodus kaianus
[Gunther's lizard fish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Eastern Pacific
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Synodus lacertinus Gilbert, 1890

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Synodus lacertinus
[Sauro lizardfish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 23.4 cm SL
Synodus lobeli Waples & Randall, 1989

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Synodus lobeli
[Lobel's lizardfish]

Photo by Shelton, J.

Eastern Pacific
Max. Length 64 cm TL
Synodus lucioceps (Ayres, 1855)

Photo by Shelton, J.
 
Synodus lucioceps
[California lizardfish]

Photo by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 7.8 cm SL
Synodus macrocephalus Cressey, 1981

Photo by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.
 
Synodus macrocephalus
[]

Photo by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Synodus macrops Tanaka, 1917

Photo by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.
 
Synodus macrops
[Triplecross lizardfish]
No picture found
Southeast Pacific

 
Synodus marchenae
[Lizardfish]
No picture found
Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 13.7 cm SL

 
Synodus mascarensis
[]
No picture found
Eastern Central Pacific
Max. Length 14 cm SL

 
Synodus mundyi
[]

Photo by Malaer, P.

Worldwide in tropical and
Max. Length 40 cm TL
Synodus myops (Forster, 1801)

Photo by Malaer, P.
 
Synodus myops
[Snakefish]

Photo by CSIRO

Western Pacific
Max. Length 18.3 cm SL
Synodus oculeus Cressey, 1981

Photo by CSIRO
 
Synodus oculeus
[Large-eye lizardfish]
No picture found
Asia
Max. Length 23.4 cm

 
Synodus orientalis
[]

Photo by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory

Western Atlantic
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Synodus poeyi Jordan, 1887

Photo by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory
 
Synodus poeyi
[Offshore lizardfish]
No picture found
Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 8.1 cm SL

 
Synodus pylei
[]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 11.3 cm SL
Synodus randalli Cressey, 1981

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Synodus randalli
[]

Photo by Malaer, P.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Synodus rubromarmoratus Russell & Cressey, 1979

Photo by Malaer, P.
 
Synodus rubromarmoratus
[Redmarbled lizardfish]

Photo by CSIRO

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 26 cm TL
Synodus sageneus Waite, 1905

Photo by CSIRO
 
Synodus sageneus
[Speartoothed grinner]
No picture found
Western Pacific
Max. Length 11.6 cm SL

 
Synodus sanguineus
[]

Photo by Patzner, R.

Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 40 cm SL
Synodus saurus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Photo by Patzner, R.
 
Synodus saurus
[Atlantic lizardfish]

Photo by Béarez, P.

Eastern Pacific
Max. Length 35 cm TL
Synodus scituliceps Jordan & Gilbert, 1882

Photo by Béarez, P.
 
Synodus scituliceps
[Shorthead lizardfish]

Photo by Allen, G.R.

Eastern Pacific
Max. Length 30 cm TL
Synodus sechurae Hildebrand, 1946

Photo by Allen, G.R.
 
Synodus sechurae
[Sechura lizardfish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 18 cm TL
Synodus similis McCulloch, 1921

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Synodus similis
[Lavender lizardfish]

Photo by Wirtz, P.

Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 33 cm TL
Synodus synodus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Photo by Wirtz, P.
 
Synodus synodus
[Diamond lizardfish]
No picture found
Northwestern Pacific
Max. Length 19.5 cm SL

 
Synodus taiwanensis
[]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Indo-West Pacific.
Max. Length 10.7 cm SL
Synodus tectus Cressey, 1981

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Synodus tectus
[Tectus lizardfish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Pacific Ocean
Max. Length 30 cm SL
Synodus ulae Schultz, 1953

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Synodus ulae
[Red lizard fish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 11.6 cm SL
Synodus usitatus Cressey, 1981

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Synodus usitatus
[]

Photo by Patzner, R.

Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 40 cm TL
Synodus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803)

Photo by Patzner, R.
 
Synodus variegatus
[Variegated lizardfish]
No picture found
Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 13.1 cm SL

 
Synodus vityazi
[]
70 Species of Family Synodontidae
(Lizardfishes)
Sort by: Species Length Year
1 of 1 Jump to:
Year Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm)
1983 Harpadon erythraeus Western Indian Ocean
1878 Harpadon microchir Indo-Pacific. 70 SL
1822 Harpadon nehereus Bombay-duck Indo-West Pacific 40 TL
1891 Harpadon squamosus Indian Ocean
1889 Harpadon translucens Glassy Bombay duck Indo-West Pacific 70 TL
1881 Saurida argentea Shortfin saury Western Pacific 29 SL
1935 Saurida brasiliensis Brazilian lizardfish Eastern Atlantic 25 TL
1927 Saurida caribbaea Smallscale lizardfish Western Atlantic 18 TL
1846 Saurida elongata Slender lizardfish Northwest Pacific 50 SL
1910 Saurida filamentosa Threadfin saury Western Pacific 22 SL
1982 Saurida flamma Orangemouth lizardfish Eastern Central Pacific 30.5 SL
2011 Saurida golanii Golani’s lizardfish Red Sea 27.6 SL
1824 Saurida gracilis Gracile lizardfish Indo-Pacific 32 SL
1972 Saurida isarankurai Shortjaw saury Western Central Pacific 12 SL
1939 Saurida longimanus Longfin lizardfish Indo-West Pacific 25 TL
1917 Saurida macrolepis Indo-West Pacific 25.8 SL
1931 Saurida microlepis Northwest Pacific 45 SL
1972 Saurida micropectoralis Shortfin lizardfish Indo-West Pacific 38 TL
1850 Saurida nebulosa Clouded lizardfish Indo-Pacific 16.5 SL
1935 Saurida normani Shortjaw lizardfish Western Atlantic 45 TL
1981 Saurida pseudotumbil Indian Ocean
1927 Saurida suspicio Suspicious lizardfish Western Atlantic 9 TL
1795 Saurida tumbil Greater lizardfish Indo-West Pacific 60 FL
2006 Saurida umeyoshii Northwest Pacific 33.7 SL
1848 Saurida undosquamis Brushtooth lizardfish Eastern Indian Ocean, Mal 50 SL
1972 Saurida wanieso Wanieso lizardfish Indo-West Pacific. 65 SL
1953 Synodus binotatus Two-spot lizard fish Indo-Pacific 18 TL
1978 Synodus capricornis Capricorn lizardfish Pacific Ocean 21 SL
1912 Synodus dermatogenys Sand lizardfish Indo-Pacific 24 TL
1979 Synodus doaki Arrowtooth lizardfish Indo-Pacific 28 TL
1890 Synodus evermanni Inotted lizardfish Eastern Pacific
1989 Synodus falcatus Eastern Central Pacific 14.5 SL
2009 Synodus fasciapelvicus Western Pacific 9.7 SL
1766 Synodus foetens Inshore lizardfish Western Atlantic 48.3 FL
1917 Synodus fuscus Northwest Pacific 17.2 SL
1981 Synodus gibbsi Indian Ocean
1917 Synodus hoshinonis Blackear lizardfish Indo-West Pacific 26 TL
1873 Synodus indicus Indian lizardfish Indo-West Pacific 33 TL
1829 Synodus intermedius Sand diver Western Atlantic 46 TL
2009 Synodus isolatus Rapanui lizardfish Southeast Pacific 24.1 SL
1979 Synodus jaculum Lighthouse lizardfish Indo-Pacific 20 TL
1880 Synodus kaianus Gunther's lizard fish Pacific Ocean 30 SL
1890 Synodus lacertinus Sauro lizardfish Eastern Pacific 20 TL
1989 Synodus lobeli Lobel's lizardfish Northwest Pacific 23.4 SL
1855 Synodus lucioceps California lizardfish Eastern Pacific 64 TL
1981 Synodus macrocephalus Indo-West Pacific 7.8 SL
1917 Synodus macrops Triplecross lizardfish Indo-West Pacific 20 TL
1946 Synodus marchenae Lizardfish Southeast Pacific
2008 Synodus mascarensis Western Indian Ocean 13.7 SL
2009 Synodus mundyi Eastern Central Pacific 14 SL
1801 Synodus myops Snakefish Worldwide in tropical and 40 TL
1981 Synodus oculeus Large-eye lizardfish Western Pacific 18.3 SL
2008 Synodus orientalis Asia 23.4
1887 Synodus poeyi Offshore lizardfish Western Atlantic 25 TL
2009 Synodus pylei Western Central Pacific 8.1 SL
1981 Synodus randalli Western Indian Ocean 11.3 SL
1979 Synodus rubromarmoratus Redmarbled lizardfish Indo-West Pacific 20 TL
1905 Synodus sageneus Speartoothed grinner Indo-West Pacific 26 TL
2009 Synodus sanguineus Western Pacific 11.6 SL
1758 Synodus saurus Atlantic lizardfish Eastern Atlantic 40 SL
1882 Synodus scituliceps Shorthead lizardfish Eastern Pacific 35 TL
1946 Synodus sechurae Sechura lizardfish Eastern Pacific 30 TL
1921 Synodus similis Lavender lizardfish Western Pacific 18 TL
1758 Synodus synodus Diamond lizardfish Eastern Atlantic 33 TL
2007 Synodus taiwanensis Northwestern Pacific 19.5 SL
1981 Synodus tectus Tectus lizardfish Indo-West Pacific. 10.7 SL
1953 Synodus ulae Red lizard fish Pacific Ocean 30 SL
1981 Synodus usitatus Indo-West Pacific 11.6 SL
1803 Synodus variegatus Variegated lizardfish Indo-Pacific 40 TL
2010 Synodus vityazi Western Indian Ocean 13.1 SL



Other identification tools in FishBase


Quick Identification
Identification keys
Identification by morphometrics
Identification by pictures:
          If you already know the Family, go to Search FishBase, select Family and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the family.

          If you already know the Country, go to
Search FishBase, select Country and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the country.

          If you already know the Ecosystem, go to
Search FishBase, select Ecosystem and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the ecosystem.
cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013