Other identification tools | FishBase

Fish Identification: Find Species


Family: Stichaeidae Pricklebacks
Subfamily: Xiphisterinae


(See list of species below)



Select Class:     Select Order:   
Select Family: Subfamily:     Select Genus:

Select Ocean (marine/brackish) or Continent (freshwater):
                                                          Specify a country:

Total number of spines in dorsal and anal fins (optional)


19 species (see list below)

1 of 1 Jump to:
No picture found
Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 10 cm SL

 
Alectrias alectrolophus
[Stone cockscomb]
No picture found
Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 10 cm SL

 
Alectrias benjamini
[Spiny cockscomb]
No picture found
Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 10 cm TL

 
Alectrias cirratus
[Ciliate cockscomb]
No picture found
Northwest Pacific

 
Alectrias gallinus
[Shaggy cockscomb]
No picture found
Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 6.6 cm SL

 
Alectrias markevichi
[]
No picture found
Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 8.2 cm SL

 
Alectrias mutsuensis
[Maned cockscomb]
No picture found
North Pacific
Max. Length 13.3 cm SL

 
Alectridium aurantiacum
[Lesser prickleback]

Photo by Nichols, J.

Eastern Pacific
Max. Length 12 cm TL
Anoplarchus insignis Gilbert & Burke, 1912

Photo by Nichols, J.
 
Anoplarchus insignis
[Slender cockscomb]

Photo by Love, M.

Eastern Pacific
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Anoplarchus purpurescens Gill, 1861

Photo by Love, M.
 
Anoplarchus purpurescens
[High cockscomb]

Photo by Lavan, J.

Eastern Pacific
Max. Length 76 cm TL
Cebidichthys violaceus (Girard, 1854)

Photo by Lavan, J.
 
Cebidichthys violaceus
[Monkeyface prickleback]

Photo by Miyahara, H.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 25 cm SL
Dictyosoma burgeri van der Hoeven, 1855

Photo by Miyahara, H.
 
Dictyosoma burgeri
[]
No picture found
Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 17.9 cm SL

 
Dictyosoma rubrimaculatum
[]

Photo by Kim, J.K.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 28 cm SL
Dictyosoma tongyeongensis Ji & Kim, 2012

Photo by Kim, J.K.
 
Dictyosoma tongyeongensis
[Korean prickleback]
No picture found
Eastern Central Pacific
Max. Length 17.1 cm SL

 
Esselenichthys carli
[Threeline prickleback]
No picture found
Eastern Central Pacific
Max. Length 9.7 cm SL

 
Esselenichthys laurae
[Twoline prickleback]

Photo by Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish.

Eastern Pacific
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Phytichthys chirus (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)

Photo by Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish.
 
Phytichthys chirus
[Ribbon prickleback]

Photo by Markevich, A.I.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 14 cm TL
Pseudalectrias tarasovi (Popov, 1933)

Photo by Markevich, A.I.
 
Pseudalectrias tarasovi
[]

Photo by Hopkins Seaside Laboratory

Eastern Pacific
Max. Length 30.5 cm TL
Xiphister atropurpureus (Kittlitz, 1858)

Photo by Hopkins Seaside Laboratory
 
Xiphister atropurpureus
[Black prickleback]
No picture found
Eastern Pacific
Max. Length 58 cm TL

 
Xiphister mucosus
[Rock prickleback]
19 Species of Family Stichaeidae
(Pricklebacks)
Sort by: Species Length Year
1 of 1 Jump to:
Year Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm)
1814 Alectrias alectrolophus Stone cockscomb Northwest Pacific 10 SL
1902 Alectrias benjamini Spiny cockscomb Northwest Pacific 10 SL
1938 Alectrias cirratus Ciliate cockscomb Northwest Pacific 10 TL
1938 Alectrias gallinus Shaggy cockscomb Northwest Pacific
2012 Alectrias markevichi Northwest Pacific 6.6 SL
1985 Alectrias mutsuensis Maned cockscomb Northwest Pacific 8.2 SL
1912 Alectridium aurantiacum Lesser prickleback North Pacific 13.3 SL
1912 Anoplarchus insignis Slender cockscomb Eastern Pacific 12 TL
1861 Anoplarchus purpurescens High cockscomb Eastern Pacific 20 TL
1854 Cebidichthys violaceus Monkeyface prickleback Eastern Pacific 76 TL
1855 Dictyosoma burgeri Northwest Pacific 25 SL
1978 Dictyosoma rubrimaculatum Northwest Pacific 17.9 SL
2012 Dictyosoma tongyeongensis Korean prickleback Northwest Pacific 28 SL
1990 Esselenichthys carli Threeline prickleback Eastern Central Pacific 17.1 SL
1990 Esselenichthys laurae Twoline prickleback Eastern Central Pacific 9.7 SL
1880 Phytichthys chirus Ribbon prickleback Eastern Pacific 20 TL
1933 Pseudalectrias tarasovi Northwest Pacific 14 TL
1858 Xiphister atropurpureus Black prickleback Eastern Pacific 30.5 TL
1858 Xiphister mucosus Rock prickleback Eastern Pacific 58 TL



Other identification tools in FishBase


Quick Identification
Identification keys
Identification by morphometrics
Identification by pictures:
          If you already know the Family, go to Search FishBase, select Family and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the family.

          If you already know the Country, go to
Search FishBase, select Country and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the country.

          If you already know the Ecosystem, go to
Search FishBase, select Ecosystem and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the ecosystem.
cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013