Pomadasys kaakan (Cuvier, 1830)
Javelin grunter
Ikuran,  Javelin grunter,  Aguut,  Ibalay,  Kiskisan,  Likti,  Siget,  Spotted javelinfish,  Ulibalay
Pomadasys kaakan
photo by Khan, M.M.

Family:  Haemulidae (Grunts), subfamily: Haemulinae
Max. size:  80 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range - 75 m
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and east coast of Africa to southeast Asia, north to Taiwan, south to Queensland, Australia. Also reported from Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 12-12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-15; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 7-8. Body is slender; the head profile slightly convex; lips not thickened; 2 pores and a central groove under the chin. No antrorse spine before the dorsal fin origin; a deep notch between the spinous and the soft-rayed portion of the dorsal fin. Color is generally silvery with a golden tint on the sides; the upper operculum olive-yellow; the snout dusky, overlain with yellow. Young specimens have 7-11 vertical bands on the upper sides; older ones with bands formed by spots aligned in vertical rows.
Biology:  Inhabit turbid inshore waters with sandy to muddy bottoms to a depth of 75 m. Enter estuaries, may tolerate water with low salinity. Often associated with inshore wrecks (Ref. 4332). Feed on crustaceans and fish (Ref. 5213, 48635). Spawners form shoals near river mouths during the winter. Good food fish (Ref. 2799).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (Ref. 115185)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Known from Pasacao, Camarines Sur (Ref. 58652). Also Ref. 1602.

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 11.07.92
Modified by: Santos, Kristine - 07.11.03
Checked by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 24.01.97

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