Parupeneus cyclostomus (Lacep├Ęde, 1801)
Gold-saddle goatfish
Goldsaddle goatfish,  Agingoy,  Amarilis,  Balaki,  Bayahao,  Bayhao,  Bisugo,  Bud-bod,  Dalagang bukid,  Dumpilas,  Gold-saddle goatfish,  Henos,  Hinok,  Intsek-intsek,  Kapon,  Malawlaw,  Malmot,  Manitis,  Remoliete,  Saging saging,  Salamulyete,  Salmonete,  Salmonito,  Salmunete,  Saramulyete,  Saramulyeteng hato,  Saramulyeteng hulik,  Saramulyeteng tagisi,  Tavuyon,  Ti-ao,  Ti-aw,  Tiao,  Timbongan,  Timbugan,  Timbungan,  Timhungan,  Tuyo,  Ubakan,  Yangutan
Parupeneus cyclostomus
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Max. size:  50 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 2,265.0 g
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 2 - 125 m, non-migratory
Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and east coast of Africa south to Durban, South Africa, east to the Hawaiian Islands, islands of French Polynesia and the Pitcairn Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands, Japan south to Australia.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 8-8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9; Anal spines: 1-1; Anal soft rays: 7-7. Diagnosis: Pectoral rays 16 (rarely 15 or 17). Gill rakers 6-7 + 22-26 (total 29-33). Body depth 3.25-3.8 in SL (body deeper with growth); head length (HL) 2.85-3.1 in SL; snout long, its length 1.61.8 in HL; eye small, the orbit diameter 5.3-8.95 in HL (SL 118-392 mm); barbels very long, 1.15 in HL to longer than head; longest dorsal spine 1.5-1.7 in HL; penultimate dorsal ray 1.1-1.2 in length of last dorsal ray; pectoral-fin length 1.5-1.7 in HL; pelvic-fin length 1.35-1.55 in HL. Color of large adults yellowish gray, the edges of the scales bright blue except ventrally, the edges more broadly blue posteriorly; a large, hemispherical, saddle-like, yellow spot covering most of upper half of caudal peduncle; region around eye yellow with radiating short narrow blue bands; caudal fin with longitudinal blue bands; second dorsal and anal fins with narrow oblique blue bands; a second smaller color phase entirely yellow, the dorsal peduncular spot sometimes apparent by being brighter yellow than rest of body (Ref. 54393).
Biology:  Found on coral (Ref. 58652), rocky, or rubble bottoms of reef flats, lagoons, and seaward reefs (Ref. 3921). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Juveniles form schools, adults usually solitary. Feed primarily on small fishes, crustaceans, peanut worms, shrimps, crabs, octopi, and small gastropods during the day (Ref. 3921). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.
IUCN Red List Status: (Ref. 115185)
Threat to humans:  reports of ciguatera poisoning
Country info:  Known from Puerto Princesa, Palawan (Ref. 58652), Nasugbu (Ref. 107853), Lanuza Bay (Ref. 104756) and Sarangani Bay (Ref. 106380). Museum: Western Calatagan, Batangas, UPZM 5379 (Ref. 6956). Also Ref. 393, 48613, 54393. In range Ref. 1602.

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 17.06.92
Modified by: Olisa, Kristine Elaine Paz - 16.04.13
Checked by: Agustin, Liza Q. - 09.08.94

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