Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Malabar blood snapper
Lugho,  Malabar blood snapper,  Aha-an,  Ahaan,  Comay,  Dapak,  Langit,  Malabar red snapper,  Malabar snapper,  Maya maya,  Maya-maya,  Mayamaya,  Puga,  Pulahan,  Tabong,  Talutoon
Lutjanus malabaricus
photo by Cook, D.C.

Family:  Lutjanidae (Snappers), subfamily: Lutjaninae
Max. size:  100 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 7,910.0 g; max. reported age: 31 years
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 12 - 100 m
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea to Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to Australia. This species has been frequently misidentified as Lutjanus sanguineus (Ref. 55). There are unsubstantiated reports of this species from off East Africa.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 11-11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-9. Description: Dorsal profile of head steeply sloped. Preorbital bone much broader than eye diameter. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Juveniles with a broad, oblique band of brown or black, from upper jaw to beginning of dorsal fin; a prominent black band runs across the caudal peduncle with a pearly-white border. Young with horizontal lines on sides. Note: (TL, cm) = 0.28 + 1.26 (SL, cm); n = 1034 (Ref. 1450). Body depth 2.2-2.8 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Biology:  Adults inhabit both coastal and offshore reefs. They tend to be associated with sponge and gorgonian-dominated habitats on the North West Shelf (Ref. 28006), and hard mud areas of the Arafura Sea. In Australia, they frequently form mixed shoals with L. erythropterus. Juveniles tend to inhabit shallow inshore waters and larger fish live in deeper waters (Ref. 27260, 27264). Feed mainly on fishes, with small amounts of benthic crustaceans, cephalopods and other benthic invertebrates (Ref. 6390). They forage mostly at night (Ref. 6390). Marketed fresh, dried-salted (Ref. 55) and frozen (Ref. 9987).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (Ref. 115185)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446), Lanuza Bay (Ref. 104679, 107139). Also Ref. 393, 9987.

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Luna, Susan M. - 18.02.14
Checked by: Luna, Susan M. - 02.08.99

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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