Lethrinus xanthochilus Klunzinger, 1870
Yellowlip emperor
Camasuhon,  Kamasuhon,  Kilawan
Lethrinus xanthochilus
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Lethrinidae (Emperors or scavengers), subfamily: Lethrininae
Max. size:  70 cm FL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 5,440.0 g
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 5 - 150 m, non-migratory
Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: Red Sea, East Africa and the central Indian Ocean to the Marquesas Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 10-10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Body is yellowish gray with scattered irregular dark spots; lips yellowish, the upper lip more intense; a red spot at upper base of the pectoral fin. The fins are bluish grey and mottled, the bases of the fins are lighter and the edges of the dorsal and caudal fins are reddish.
Biology:  Occurs in small groups over seagrass beds, sand and rubble areas of coral reefs, deep channels, and lagoons. Usually found in shallow water. Usually seen solitary but sometimes swims in small groups. Juveniles in seagrass beds (Ref. 48635). Feeds mainly on crustaceans, fishes, and echinoderms.
IUCN Red List Status: (Ref. 115185)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 10.11.90
Modified by: Santos, Kristine - 15.04.13
Checked by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 05.07.93

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