Epinephelus fasciatus (Forsskål, 1775)
Blacktip grouper
Barangbang,  Blacktip grouper,  Uwak-uwak,  Abo-abo,  Alatan,  Bantol,  Baraka,  Bato-bato,  Batol,  Black-tipped rockcod,  Buklak,  Bulang,  Iner,  Inid,  Jahong,  Kakab,  Kaltang,  Kigting,  Kugtong,  Kugtung,  Kulapo,  Kurapo,  Kurapu,  Labungan,  Lapu lapu,  Lapu-lapu,  Lapu-lapung lupot,  Lapulapu,  Lilug,  Lubo,  Mahang,  Mamonbong,  Mantis,  Maskad,  Matkad,  Ogaw,  Pugapo,  Pugayo,  Rana,  Salingukod,  Sibog,  Sigapo,  Sono,  Subla,  Tabadlo,  Tabuldlo,  Taga-rinas na baraka',  Tamudlo,  Tangk-an,  Tangkaan,  Ting-ad,  Tingag
Epinephelus fasciatus
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets), subfamily: Epinephelinae
Max. size:  40 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 2,000.0 g
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 4 - 160 m
Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to South Africa and eastward to the Pitcairn Group, north to Japan and Korea, south to the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819), southern Queensland (Australia) and Lord Howe Island.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 11-11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Distinguished by having color ranging from pale greenish grey to pale reddish yellow or pinkish; with 5-6 dark bars of variable intensity; top of head reddish brown; ctenoid scales on body except cycloid anterodorsally above lateral line and on thorax and ventrally on abdomen; body with numerous auxiliary scales; greatest body depth 2.8-3.3 in SL; rounded caudal fin; pelvic fins 2.0-2.4 in head length (Ref. 90102); characterized further by having flat interorbital area, convex dorsal head profile; snout length contained 4.3-5.1 times in HL; rounded preopercle, finely serrate rear edge, with lower most serrae slightly enlarged; upper edge of operculum straight; subequal posterior and anterior nostrils; maxilla reaches to below rear third of eye or a little past eye; 2-4 rows of teeth on midlateral part of lower jaw (Ref. 89707).
Biology:  Common in outer reef slopes at depths below 15 m, also occurs in protected bays and lagoons as shallow as 4 m. May also be found down to a depth of 160 m. At Madagascar it feeds night and day on brachyuran crabs, fishes, shrimps, and galatheid crabs (Ref. 6774). In Kenyan waters it feeds on crabs, stomatopods, fishes, ophiuroids, and octopus (Ref. 6448). In the Red Sea, mostly fishes and some crustaceans (mainly crabs) are consumed (Ref. 6699).
IUCN Red List Status: (Ref. 115185)
Threat to humans:  reports of ciguatera poisoning
Country info:  Recorded in Tañon Strait (Ref. 107276), Verde Island Passage (Ref. 107854), Surigao City (Ref. 58652), Lanuza Bay (Ref. 104756), Bongo Island and Paril-Sangay Protected Seascape, Moro Gulf (Ref. 106380). Museum: Jolo, BMNH 1933.3.11.210. Palawan, USNM 226827. Cebu, BMNH 1871.10.18.9. Mindoro, LACM 42491-26. Puerto Galera, LACM 42490-25. Sta. Maria, Ilocos Sur, ANSP 52966. Caban I., AMS I.21914-025. Lingayen G., LACM 35977-5. Also Ref. 4787, 5222, 10558, 13724 p. 100, 48613, 53416, 107852, 107853.

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 28.03.92
Modified by: Casal, Christine Marie V. - 07.06.17
Checked by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 05.04.94

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