Cheilinus undulatus Rüppell, 1835
Humphead wrasse
Humphead wrasse,  Lupaen,  Mameng,  Balaki,  Bankilan,  Banog,  Bungat,  Buntogon,  Danlugan,  Hipus,  Humphead maori wrasse,  Ipus-ipus,  Isdang bato,  Labayan,  Lampalampa,  Langkani,  Lubay-lubay,  Lubayan,  Mameng,  Mamin,  Maming,  Mammi,  Mamming,  Maringyan,  Molmol,  Mul-mul,  Pilo-pilo,  Pirat-pirat,  Tamago,  Tarungan,  Tausay,  Tul-ungan,  Verde verde
Cheilinus undulatus
photo by Honeycutt, K.

Family:  Labridae (Wrasses), subfamily: Cheilininae
Max. size:  229 cm SL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 191 kg; max. reported age: 32 years
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 1 - 100 m
Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to South Africa (Ref. 35918) and to the Tuamoto Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Formerly known as Vulnerable (A1d+2cd) (Y. Sadovy) but now listed as Endangered in IUCN 2004 and listed in Appendix II of CITES.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 9-9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-10; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Adults of this species develop thick lips and a prominent bulbous hump on the forehead. Juveniles pale greenish with elongate dark spots on scales tending to form bars; 2 black lines posteriorly from eye (Ref. 4392).
Biology:  Inhabit steep outer reef slopes, channel slopes, and lagoon reefs (Ref. 1602). Benthopelagic at 2-60 m (Ref. 58302). Usually solitary but may occur in pairs. Juveniles are encountered in coral-rich areas of lagoon reefs, where staghorn Acropora corals abound (Ref. 1602); also in algae reefs or seagrasses (Ref. 48636, 41878). Adults rove across the reefs by day and rest in reef caves and under coral ledges at night (Ref. 31343). Primary food are mollusks, fishes, sea urchins, crustaceans, and other invertebrates. One of the few predators of toxic animals such as sea hares, boxfishes and crown-of-thorns starfish (Ref. 1602). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Found in Hong Kong live fish markets (Ref. 27253).
IUCN Red List Status: Endangered(A2bd+3bd) (Ref. 115185) , IUCN Grouper and Wrasse Specialist Group
Threat to humans:  reports of ciguatera poisoning
Country info:  Known from Lucena City (Ref. 58652), Lanuza Bay (Ref. 104756), Paril-Sangay Protected Seascape, Moro Gulf (Ref. 106380). Also Ref. 1602, 48613.

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 10.06.92
Modified by: Luna, Susan M. - 28.07.11
Checked by: Westneat, Mark - 03.10.95

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

Page created by Jen, 05.08.02, php script by kbanasihan 06/09/2010 ,  last modified by sortiz, 10/02/17