Anyperodon leucogrammicus (Valenciennes, 1828)
Slender grouper

Lapu lapu Sagalpak,  Slender grouper,  Abo-abo,  Alatan,  Bagahak,  Bantol,  Baraka,  Baraka,  Bato-bato,  Batol,  Biason,  Budyunga,  Bugak,  Bulang,  Bulong,  Iner,  Inid,  Inid,  Jahong,  Kakab,  Kaltang,  Kigting,  Kigting,  Kugtong,  Kugtung,  Kulapo,  Kulapo,  Kulapo kot-kot,  Kurapo,  Kurapu,  Labungan,  Lapu-lapu,  Lapu-lapu,  Lapu-lapu,  Lapu-lapung lupot,  Lilug,  Lubo,  Mamonbong,  Mantis,  Maskad,  Matkad,  Ogaw,  Pugapo,  Pugapo,  Pugayo,  Salingukod,  Sibog,  Sigapo,  Subla,  Sudlay-sudlay,  Tabadlo,  Takulit,  Tangk-an,  Tangka,  Tangka',  Tapog,  Ting-ad,  Tingag,  Whitelined rockcod, 

Anyperodon leucogrammicus
photo by Randall, J.E.

 Family:  Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets), subfamily: Epinephelinae
 Max. size:  65 cm TL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 5 - 80 m, non-migratory
 Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Mozambique and east to the Phoenix Islands, north to Japan, south to Australia. Probably including all the islands of the tropical Indian Ocean.
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 11-11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-16; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-9. Juveniles with alternating blue and red stripes and 1or 2 black spots at caudal base (Ref. 4319); adults with greenish to brownish grey color with reddish spots overall; 3-4 pale stripes on side of variable intensity; body elongate, greatest depth 3.1-3.7 in SL; rounded caudal fin; short pelvic fins, not reaching anus (Ref. 90102); head pointed, 2.3-2.5 times in SL; interorbital region narrow, dorsal head profile almost straight; preorbital narrow, depth 14-17 times in HL; snout distinctly longer than eye; rounded preopercle, finely serrate, lower serrae only slightly enlarged, lower edge fleshy; ventral edge of interopercle with a shallow indentation: opercular spines small, upper edge of operculum distinctly convex; maxilla reaches past eye, exposed part covered with tiny cycloid scales; rear end of maxilla without bony process; well developed supramaxilla; palatines without teeth; canines at front of jaws rudimentary or absent (Ref. 89707).
 Biology:  Inhabits coral rich areas and clear waters on lagoon and seaward reefs. Feeds mainly on fishes and probably on crustaceans. The distinctive blue and gold striped juveniles are mimics of the wrasse Halichoeres purpurescens. Juveniles mimic some of the small lined wrasses of the genus Halichoeres or dark damsels in surge zones (Ref. 48635). This allows the species to approach their preys. In Hong Kong live fish markets (Ref. 27253). Solitary (Ref 90102).
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402) , IUCN Grouper and Wrasse Specialist Group
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:  Recorded in TaƱon Strait (Ref. 107276) and Puerto Princesa, Palawan (Ref. 58652). Museum: USNM 274773, 170735, 170736, 170717, 170724, 170727, 170728, 170731, 170732; SU 27508; BPBM 28545; LACM 37420-1, 42456-20,2. Also Ref. 48613, 53416.

 Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 31.01.92
 Modified by: Casal, Christine Marie V. - 07.06.17
 Checked by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 10.03.94

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