Anguilla australis Richardson, 1841
Short-finned eel
Igat,  Shortfin eel,  Almang,  Casili,  Endong,  Kasili,  Kibo,  Ubod-ubod
Anguilla australis
photo by McDowall, R.M.

Family:  Anguillidae (Freshwater eels)
Max. size:  130 cm TL (male/unsexed); 106.5 cm TL (female); max.weight: 7,480.0 g; max. reported age: 32 years
Environment:  benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 3000 m, catadromous
Distribution:  Southwest Pacific: east coast of Australia and New Zealand, extending north to New Caledonia. Museum records from Fiji and Tahiti are doubtful. Australian and New Zealand forms sometimes recognized as subspecies. Most easily confused with Anguilla obscura and the surest way of distinguishing them is to count the vertebrae. Reported from Western and American Samoa (Ref. 592).
Diagnosis:   
Biology:  Occur in streams, lakes and swamps. More likely inhabits slow flowing streams or still waters (Ref. 26509). Feed on fishes, crustaceans, mollusks, worms, aquatic plants, and terrestrial and aquatic insects. This species does not breed outside its Pacific spawning ground. Migrates to the sea to breed (Ref. 9258). Maximum length for female eel taken from Ref. 6390. Migrating females in Lake Ellesmere (Canterbury, New Zealand) were reported to be in the range of 48.3 to 102.4 cm, larger than for males 33.8 to 55.4 cm (Ref. 44724). Despite its slimy appearance, its flesh is of excellent quality, considered a delicacy in many countries; meat suitable for smoking (Ref. 33839).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (Ref. 115185)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Two specimens, 51.5 and 60 cm, were collected from Lake Bato, Camarines. Two stuffed specimens in the museum of University of Santo Tomas were collected from Cavite.

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Torres, Armi G. - 04.03.16
Checked by: Smith, David G. - 03.10.95

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