Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48637); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9813)
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 30 m (Ref. 58652), usually 1 - 30 m (Ref. 27115)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 26°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115), preferred ?; 26°N - 25°S, 95°E - 173°W
Western Pacific: western Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea, Great Barrier Reef, Vanuatu (sighting), New Caledonia, Caroline Islands, Marshall Islands, Nauru (sighting) and Kiribati (sighting). Recently recorded from Tonga (Ref. 53797).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 13. A dark chocolate ocular band running in an arc from base of 1st dorsal spine to chin; a narrow white blaze on midline of head profile; thorax dark chocolate; a broad white zone behind ocular bar on trunk; remainder of body yellow-orange. Stout, pungent, venomous spines. Caudal fin only slightly incised. Fully scaled midline of thorax. Preopercular angle 119° (111°-120°). Variable cheek scaling; usually overlapping scales, 8-10 rows deep below center of orbit; occasionally, few scattered scales; area fully scaled from lower edge of orbit 2 angle of mouth. S. vulpinus is very closely related to and possibly the same as S. unimaculatus, which has a large black blotch on the sides beneath the soft dorsal rays (Ref. 37816).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 0.5000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
2.7 ±0.30 se; Based on food items.
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)
Low vulnerability (19 of 100)