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Chelidonichthys lucerna  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Tub gurnard
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2050 |
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Chelidonichthys lucerna   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Tub gurnard)
Chelidonichthys lucerna
Picture by Pillon, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Triglidae (Searobins) > Triglinae
Etymology: Chelidonichthys: Greek, chelidon, -onos = swift, as black as a swift + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 20 - 318 m (Ref. 56504).   Subtropical; 8°C - 24°C (Ref. 4944); 66°N - 9°N, 18°W - 42°E

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); max. published weight: 6.0 kg (Ref. 3397); max. reported age: 15 years (Ref. 26811)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Longest ray in the pectoral fin reaching the front part of the anal fin. Lateral line scales smooth. Reddish color (Ref. 35388).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Cape Blanc (along the African coast); not recorded at Madeira and the Azores. Also in the Mediterranean and Black seas.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs at temperatures ranging from 8.0-24.0 °C (Ref. 4944). Inhabits sand, muddy sand or gravel bottoms. Up to depth of 318 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). Feeds on fish, crustaceans and mollusks. Has three isolated rays on the pectoral fin which function as legs on which the fish rests and also help in locating food on the soft bottom (Ref. 9988). Marketed fresh or frozen; eaten pan-fried, broiled, microwaved or baked (Ref. 9988).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Richards, W.J. and V.P. Saksena, 1990. Triglidae. p. 680-684. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(fisheries: production, species profile; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00598 - 0.01008), b=3.03 (2.96 - 3.10), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.15-1.6(?); tmax=14).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.