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Alepisaurus ferox  Lowe, 1833

Long snouted lancetfish
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Alepisaurus ferox   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Alepisaurus ferox (Long snouted lancetfish)
Alepisaurus ferox
Picture by Chow, S.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Aulopiformes (Grinners) > Alepisauridae (Lancetfishes)
Etymology: Alepisaurus: Greek, alepis, -idos = without scales + Greek, sauros = lizard (Ref. 45335);  ferox: The specific name is derived from ferox, meaning ferocious (Ref. 6885).   More on author: Lowe.

环境 / 气候 / 范围 生态学

; 海洋 深海区的; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51887); 深度上下限 0 - 1830 m (Ref. 50550).   深水域; 84°N - 57°S, 180°W - 180°E

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Circumglobal: Western Pacific (Ref. 6885, 7300); Eastern Pacific: from the Aleutian Islands to Chile, also (Ref. 2850); Western Atlantic: Gulf of Maine to the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, also (Ref. 7251); Eastern Atlantic (Ref. 4059). Indian Ocean (Ref. 57630). Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). South China Sea and East China Sea (Ref. 74511).
Curcumglobal: 西太平洋;(参考文献 6885,7300) 东太平洋;(参考文献 2850) 西大西洋;(参考文献 7251) 东大西洋.(参考文献 4059) 印度洋.(参考文献 57630)

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 215 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 7251); common length : 150 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5217); 最大体重: 9.0 kg (Ref. 42154)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 30-45; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 13 - 18; 脊椎骨: 47 - 52. Mouth large with two erect fangs on palatines. Dorsal fin very high, about three rays beginning with third or fourth much exerted; adipose moderate in size, over posterior part of anal insertion (Ref. 6885). Generally pale, iridescent, darker dorsally; lateral adipose keel dark; all fins dark brown or black; peritoneum black (Ref. 6885). Branchiostegal rays: 7-8 (Ref. 36025).
在颚骨上嘴巴大的,有二个直立的尖牙。 背鳍很高的, 大约三鳍条开始用第三或第四个很多发挥; 脂肪的中等在大小方面, 在臀鳍嵌入点的较后面的部分之上.(参考文献 6885) 通常灰白的,彩虹色的,和比较黑的背面; 侧面的脂肪龙骨脊黑的; 所有的鳍深褐色或黑色的; 腹膜黑色.(参考文献 6885) 鳃条骨: 7-8.(参考文献 36025)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Mainly inhabit tropical and subtropical waters; however, during the feeding period adults may migrate to the subarctic reaching as far north as Greenland, Iceland and the Bering Sea (Ref. 51887). Epipelagic- and mesopelagic, from near the surface to below 1,000 m, sometimes approaching inshore waters (Ref. 6011). Bathypelagic (Ref. 58302). Mainly nocturnal. Feed on fishes, cephalopods, tunicates, and crustaceans (Ref. 6011). Preyed upon by opah, sharks, albacore, yellowfin tuna, and fur seals (Ref. 6885). Oviparous, with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36025). Are synchronous hermaphrodites (Ref. 84733). Occasionally consumed but of little importance due to its soft flesh (Ref. 5217). The maximum weight given is for a 167 cm FL specimen (Ref. 42154).

主要栖息于热带与亚热带的水域; 然而, 在摄取食物的期间成鱼可能回游到靠近北极的达到向北远至格陵兰,冰岛与白令海.(参考文献 51887) 表层带- 而且中层带, 从接近水表面到在 1,000 公尺之下, 有时接近近岸水域.(参考文献 6011) 主要夜行。 捕食鱼,头足类动物,被囊类与甲壳动物。 (参考文献 6011) 被青花鱼,鲨鱼,巴鲣鱼,黄鳍鲔鱼与皮毛海豹捕食了。 (参考文献 6885) 卵生的, 仔鱼为浮游性.(参考文献 36025) 偶然地消费了但是重要性很小由于它的软肉.(参考文献 5217)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Oviparous. Gonads of adolescents are hermaphroditic, but there is no proof that the species is a functional hermaphrodite (Ref. 6011). However, further studies show that this species is a synchronous hermaphrodite where gonads consist of clearly defined and well separated ovarian and testicular regions with no indication of sequential maturation of the sex products (Ref. 84733).Curcumglobal: 西太平洋;(参考文献 6885,7300) 东太平洋;(参考文献 2850) 西大西洋;(参考文献 7251) 东大西洋.(参考文献 4059) 印度洋.(参考文献 57630)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Thompson, Bruce | 合作者

Post, A., 1984. Alepisauridae. p. 494-495. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 6011)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的




人类利用

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周边海洋

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生态毒物学
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参考文献
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特别资料

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网络资源

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增时间超过14 年 ().
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (83 of 100) .