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Alepisaurus ferox  Lowe, 1833

Long snouted lancetfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Alepisaurus ferox   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Alepisaurus ferox
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Aulopiformes (Grinners) 仙女魚目 (Grinners) > Alepisauridae (Lancetfishes) 帆蜥魚科 (Lancetfishes)
Etymology: Alepisaurus: Greek, alepis, -idos = without scales + Greek, sauros = lizard (Ref. 45335);  ferox: The specific name is derived from ferox, meaning ferocious (Ref. 6885).   More on author: Lowe.

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 海洋 深海區的; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51887); 深度上下限 0 - 1830 m (Ref. 50550).   深水域; 70°N - 54°S, 180°W - 180°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Circumglobal: Western Pacific (Ref. 6885, 7300); Eastern Pacific: from the Aleutian Islands to Chile, also (Ref. 2850); Western Atlantic: Gulf of Maine to the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, also (Ref. 7251); Eastern Atlantic (Ref. 4059). Indian Ocean (Ref. 57630). Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). South China Sea and East China Sea (Ref. 74511).
Circumglobal: 西太平洋;(參考文獻 6885,7300) 東太平洋: 從阿留申群島到智利, 也;(參考文獻 2850) 西大西洋: 緬因灣到墨西哥灣與加勒比海, 也;(參考文獻 7251) 東大西洋.(參考文獻 4059) 印度洋.(參考文獻 57630) 西北大西洋: 加拿大.(參考文獻 5951)

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 215 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 7251); common length : 150 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 5217); 最大體重: 9.0 kg (Ref. 42154)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 背的軟條 (總數): 30-45; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 13 - 18; 脊椎骨: 47 - 52. Mouth large with two erect fangs on palatines. Dorsal fin very high, about three rays beginning with third or fourth much exerted; adipose moderate in size, over posterior part of anal insertion (Ref. 6885). Generally pale, iridescent, darker dorsally; lateral adipose keel dark; all fins dark brown or black; peritoneum black (Ref. 6885). Branchiostegal rays: 7-8 (Ref. 36025).
在顎骨上嘴巴大的,有二個直立的尖牙。 背鰭很高的, 大約三鰭條開始用第三或第四個很多發揮; 脂肪的中等在大小方面, 在臀鰭嵌入點的較後面的部分之上.(參考文獻 6885) 通常灰白的﹐彩虹色的﹐和比較黑的背面; 側面的脂肪龍骨脊黑的; 所有的鰭深褐色或黑色的; 腹膜黑色.(參考文獻 6885) 鰓條骨: 7-8.(參考文獻 36025)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Mainly inhabit tropical and subtropical waters; however, during the feeding period adults may migrate to the subarctic reaching as far north as Greenland, Iceland and the Bering Sea (Ref. 51887). Epipelagic- and mesopelagic, from near the surface to below 1,000 m, sometimes approaching inshore waters (Ref. 6011). Bathypelagic (Ref. 58302). Mainly nocturnal. Feed on fishes, cephalopods, tunicates, and crustaceans (Ref. 6011). Preyed upon by opah, sharks, albacore, yellowfin tuna, and fur seals (Ref. 6885). Oviparous, with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36025). Are synchronous hermaphrodites (Ref. 84733). Occasionally consumed but of little importance due to its soft flesh (Ref. 5217). The maximum weight given is for a 167 cm FL specimen (Ref. 42154).

主要地棲息於熱帶與亞熱帶的水域; 然而, 在攝取食物的期間成魚可能迴游到靠近北極的達到向北遠至格陵蘭,冰島與白令海.(參考文獻 51887) 表層帶- 而且中層帶, 從接近水表面到在 1,000 公尺之下, 有時接近近岸水域.(參考文獻 6011) 底棲大洋性.(參考文獻 58302) 主要夜行。 捕食魚,頭足類動物,被囊類與甲殼動物。 (參考文獻 6011) 被青花魚,鯊魚,巴鰹魚,黃鰭鮪魚與皮毛海豹捕食.。 (參考文獻 6885) 卵生的, 仔魚為浮游性.(參考文獻 36025) 偶然地消費.但是重要性很小由於它的軟肉.(參考文獻 5217)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Oviparous. Gonads of adolescents are hermaphroditic, but there is no proof that the species is a functional hermaphrodite (Ref. 6011). However, further studies show that this species is a synchronous hermaphrodite where gonads consist of clearly defined and well separated ovarian and testicular regions with no indication of sequential maturation of the sex products (Ref. 84733).Circumglobal: 西太平洋;(參考文獻 6885,7300) 東太平洋: 從阿留申群島到智利, 也;(參考文獻 2850) 西大西洋: 緬因灣到墨西哥灣與加勒比海, 也;(參考文獻 7251) 東大西洋.(參考文獻 4059) 印度洋.(參考文獻 57630) 西北大西洋: 加拿大.(參考文獻 5951)

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Thompson, Bruce | 合作者

Post, A., 1984. Alepisauridae. p. 494-495. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 6011)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 4.7 - 14.6, mean 8.9 (based on 1772 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增時間超過14 年 ().
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (83 of 100) .