Microphis aculeatus : fisheries

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Microphis aculeatus (Kaup, 1856)

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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Microphis aculeatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Microphis aculeatus
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) 海龍目 (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) 海龍科 (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Microphis: Greek, mikros = small + greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Kaup.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 淡水; 半鹹淡水 居於水底的; pH range: 7.5 - 8.2; dH range: 20 - 30.   熱帶; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 12468)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Africa: west coast of Africa, from Senegal to Angola (Ref. 81680).
非洲: 達喀爾, 塞內加爾到 Ambrizette ,安哥拉的鄰近區域。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 4509)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 背的軟條 (總數): 38-54; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 2 - 3. Diagnosis: 41-44 bony rings (mode 43) (Ref. 81680), 19-21 (mode 20) trunk rings (before anus)(Ref. 57226, 81680) and 20-26 tail rings (behind anus)(Ref. 81680). 8.0-9.75 total subdorsal rings, 1.75-3.5, usually 2.5 or more, subdorsal trunk rings and 5.25-7.0, usually 5.75-6.5, subdorsal tail rings (Ref. 81680). Head length 4.8-5.6 (mean 5.2) times in SL (Ref. 57226, 81680). Snout 1.5-1.7 (mean 1.6) times in HL (Ref. 81680). Coloration: general colour of preserved specimens dark brown, but pattern often highly variable within a single sample; lateral part of snout with dark brown blotches or stripes; body plain, blotched or with vague pale mid-lateral trunk stripe; dorsum and belly somewhat paler than flanks; ventral part of head light brown; opercle with numerous small dark brown spots and often a narrow horizontal dark, silvery stripe situated towards upper edge; caudal fin mainly brown with pale edging; other fins hyaline or with fin rays edged with brown; no consistent differences in preserved colouration of various subspecies (Ref. 81680).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in coastal rivers, streams and estuaries (Ref. 4127, 81680). Found in sea grasses and above sandy substrates in shallow water near shore a.o. (Ref. 81680). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). Breeds in fresh water (Ref. 81680). Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch found under the tail (Ref. 205). Eggs develop in the brood pouch for 1-3 weeks, until young of about 1.5 cm TL leave the pouch (Ref. 81680). Maximum reported total length for M. b. aculeatus 17.1 cm (Ref. 81680).

出現於沿海的河川,溪流與河口。 (參考文獻 4127) 卵胎生的.(參考文獻 205) 雄魚帶卵在一個孵卵袋是在尾部下面發現.(參考文獻 205)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Eggs are attached to a kind of brood pouch, formed by two skin folds on the belly of the male (Ref. 13371).非洲: 達喀爾, 塞內加爾到 Ambrizette ,安哥拉的鄰近區域。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Dawson, C.E., 1986. Syngnathidae. p. 281-287. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4127)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  資料不足 (DD) ; Date assessed: 07 May 2013

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.2 - 28, mean 27.3 (based on 171 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00049 (0.00022 - 0.00111), b=3.10 (2.91 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.