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Moringua hawaiiensis  Snyder, 1904

Hawaiian spaghetti eel
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Moringua hawaiiensis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Moringuidae (Worm or spaghetti eels)

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 40 m (Ref. 86689).   Tropical, preferred ?; 25°N - 16°S, 171°W - 154°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands, Johnston Island; probably Easter Island and other islands of Polynesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86689)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 188 - 130. This species is characterized by the following: males with 118-122 vertebrae, females 122-130; lateral line pores posterior to gill opening in males 95-104, females 101-108; body depth 40-70 in TL; tail 3.0-3.4 in TL; head 12.5-17 in TL; eyes over posterior part of gape, in immature individuals are minute, in adults about 2 in snout length; at front of snout, anterior nostrils in a short tube; before upper part of eye, posterior nostrils a large aperture; teeth on jaws and vomer are conical and uniserial, the intermaxilla with 7 moderately large recurved teeth; dorsal fin origin about 2/3 HL posterior to anus; in immature eels, the pectoral fins are not detectable, in mature males about as long as gape; color in life of immatures pink to purplish pink anteriorly, pale yellow posteriorly, mature adults distinctly bicolored, dark gray above, white below, caudal fin partly blackish (Ref. 86689).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., 2007. Reef and shore fishes of the Hawaiian Islands. Sea Grant College Program, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu. i-xivb + 1-546. (Ref. 86689)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
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Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
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Special reports

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5003   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .