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Hippocampus satomiae  Lourie & Kuiter, 2008

Satomi's pygmy seahorse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Hippocampus satomiae   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Hippocampus satomiae
Picture by Henke, M.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) 海龍目 (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) 海龍科 (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Hippocampinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335);  satomiae: This species is named in honour of Miss Satomi Onishi, the dive guide who collected the type specimens.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 底中水層性; 非遷移的; 深度上下限 5 - 20 m (Ref. 79848).   

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

South East Asia: Indonesia. Known from scattered localities, including Derawan (type locality), and Lembeh Strait (northern Sulawesi), as well as northern Borneo, Malaysia (Ref. 79848).

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.4 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 79848); 1.3 cm SL (female)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背的軟條 (總數): 13. Extremely small size (height 11 mm, standard length 14 mm); 12 trunk rings; 27–28 tail rings; reduced ossification of inferior and ventral trunk ridges; 13 dorsal fin rays; 9 pectoral fin rays; small or absent anal fin; brooding area in males anterior to anus; well–developed spine on snout between eyes; distinct raised coronet with laterally expanded anterior and posterior flanges ('H–shaped' when viewed from above); snout without a bulbous tip; single gill opening on midline directly behind coronet supported by raised cleithral bone; large spines above eyes (double), laterally on head, on shoulder (cleithral) ring, bordering throat, and on superior trunk ridge (especially well–developed on TrR1–2,5,8 and 12 and TaR4,8,11,14); spines also present on lateral and ventral angles between trunk ridges and rings; spines on superior ridge of first and second trunk rings appear externally as if they are fused (Ref. 79848).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Hippocampus satomiae congregates at night in groups of 3–5 individuals on small seafans, at depths of 15–20 m depth on the bottom below reef overhangs. During the day H. satomiae are difficult to find, even in areas where they are known to occur. At dawn individuals become active. At birth, the young are jet–black, about 3 mm in height and shaped similarly to the adults. They settle on the bottom near to their place of birth (Onishi, pers. comm.). The holotype, collected in October, was pregnant and carrying approximately eight young (Ref. 79848).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Lourie, S.A. and R.H. Kuiter, 2008. Three new pygmy seahorse species from Indonesia (Teleostei: Syngnathidae: Hippocampus). Zootaxa 1963:54-68. (Ref. 79848)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 28.3 - 29.3, mean 28.8 (based on 771 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00164 - 0.01111), b=3.00 (2.78 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .