Cephalopholis sexmaculata, Sixblotch hind : fisheries, gamefish

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Cephalopholis sexmaculata (Rüppell, 1830)

Sixblotch hind
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Cephalopholis sexmaculata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Cephalopholis sexmaculata (Sixblotch hind)
Cephalopholis sexmaculata
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) 鮨科 (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Cephalopholis: Greek, kephale = head + Greek, pholis = scale (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Rüppell.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 非迁移的; 深度上下限 6 - 150 m (Ref. 9710).   熱帶; 34°N - 23°S, 31°E - 138°W (Ref. 5222)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to South Africa and eastward to French Polynesia. Reported from the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819). Reports by Heemstra & Randall (1984, Ref. 3153) from the Gulf of Oman, Pakistan, India, and Sri Lanka are unsubstantiated. Absent from the Persian Gulf and is not yet known from Lakshadweep Islands.
印度-太平洋: 紅海到南非與向東至法屬玻里尼西亞。 記錄來自阿拉弗拉海了。 (參考文獻 9819) 報告從阿曼灣,巴基斯坦,印度與斯里蘭卡是未證實的由 Heemstra& Randall(1984, 參考文獻 3153)。 波斯灣沒有出現與是從拉克沙群島尚未知道。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 11441); 最大体重: 7.0 kg (Ref. 30874)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 9; 背的软条 (总数): 14-16; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: greatest body depth 2.5-3.0 times in standard length (for specimens 13-39 cm SL); head length 2.3-2.5 times in SL; longitudinal scale series 95-108; ctenoid scales on body, including abdomen; caudal fin rounded; pelvic fins not reaching or just about the anus, 1.9-2.3 in HL. Colour of body orange-red, with small blue spots sparsely scattered but more densely on head and median fins; head also with elongated blue spots and lines; body with 4 dark bars (sometimes very faint) merging dorsally with blackish blotches at base of dorsal fin and extending onto the fin; 2 similar but smaller dark bar/blotches on caudal peduncle (Ref. 39231, 90102).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults are found in rich coastal to outer reefs, usually along deep walls with caves, rich with invertebrate growth such as large sponges or soft corals (Ref. 48635). They occur singly or in small groups (Ref. 90102). A secretive species which are active nocturnally in shallow water and diurnally in deeper water (Ref. 5222). They are often seen with the cleaner shrimp Periclimenes elegans (Ref. 37816). Adults feed mainly on fishes (Ref. 5222) and reach sexual maturity at 25 cm SL (Ref. 89707). Probably of commercial interest to certain local fisheries. Are caught with hook-and-line, traps, and spear (Ref. 39231).

发现于丰饶的岸礁到外海岩礁了, 通常沿着深的有洞穴的墙有丰富的无脊椎的成长例如大的海绵或软珊瑚.(参考文献 48635) 一个躲躲藏藏的种。 夜间在浅水区与白天在较深的水域活动。 (参考文献 5222) 时常与清洁工虾 Periclimenes elegans 一起出现。 (参考文献 37816) 主要吃鱼。 (参考文献 5222)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-太平洋: 紅海到南非與向東至法屬玻里尼西亞。 記錄來自阿拉弗拉海了。 (參考文獻 9819) 報告從阿曼灣,巴基斯坦,印度與斯里蘭卡是未證實的由 Heemstra& Randall(1984, 參考文獻 3153)。 波斯灣沒有出現與是從拉克沙群島尚未知道。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 October 2017

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 自给性渔业; 游钓鱼种: 是的
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.7 - 28.5, mean 27.2 (based on 881 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.66 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.