Cyclopterus lumpus  Linnaeus, 1758

Lumpfish
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Cyclopterus lumpus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Cyclopterus lumpus
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Cyclopteridae (Lumpfishes)
Etymology: Cyclopterus: Greek, kyklos = round + Greek, pteron = fin (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Linnaeus.

Environnement / Climat / Gamme Écologie

; marin benthopélagique; océanodrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 0 - 868 m (Ref. 58496), usually 50 - 150 m (Ref. 4701).   Polar, preferred 6°C (Ref. 107945); 80°N - 32°N, 95°W - 49°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Nunavut, Hudson Bay to James Bay and Labrador in Canada to New Jersey in USA; rarely to Chesapeake Bay in USA and Bermuda. Eastern Atlantic: Barents Sea, Iceland and Greenland to Spain (Ref. 4701).

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 58426); 42.9 cm SL (female); poids max. publié: 9.5 kg (Ref. 4701); poids max. publié: 9.5 kg; âge max. reporté: 13 années (Ref. 54207)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 5 - 9; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 9-11; Épines anales 0; Rayons mous anaux: 9 - 10; Vertèbres: 28 - 29. First dorsal fin present but covered by thick layer of skin forming a characteristic high crest with embedded spines. Bony tubercles present, arranged in 3 widely separated rows of large flattened tubercles on each side of body. Gill openings large, extend- extending below level of upper pectoral fin ray. Pyloric present 36-79. Ventral sucking disc formed by the modified pelvic fin (Ref. 232).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Basically solitary rather than a schooling fish. They exhibit a homing instinct (Ref. 9737). Adults inhabit rocky bottoms but may occur among floating seaweed. They migrate considerable distances in an annual cycle between deeper waters in winter and shallower waters in summer (Ref. 26141). Maximum depth reported at 868 m (Ref. 58426). Epibenthic-pelagic (Ref. 58426). Juveniles are found among algal clumps in bays and fjords moving offshore as they mature (Ref. 96431). During the spawning season the males become reddish in color on the underside, whereas females turn blue-green. Adults feed on ctenophores, medusas, small crustaceans, polychaetes, jelly fish and small fishes. Valued for their eggs, which make an inexpensive caviar (Ref. 9988). Eaten in Nordic countries, marketed fresh or smoked. Male flesh is most demanded and roe is sold fresh (Ref. 35388).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Eggs are laid in large numbers on stony bottoms (Ref. 9900). Male guards egg-mass aggressively.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Stein, D.L., 1986. Cyclopteridae. p. 1269-1274. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. III. (Ref. 4701)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 109396)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; appât: usually
FAO(pêcheries: production, Résumé espèce; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Sources Internet

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de données nationales | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Aquariums publics | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02512 (0.00996 - 0.06336), b=3.01 (2.78 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (K=0.12; tm=3-5; tmax=13; Fec=100,000).
Prior r = 0.49, 2 SD range = 0.25 - 0.96, log(r) = -0.71, SD log(r) = 0.33, Based on: 2 K, 10 tgen, 1 tmax, 3 Fec records
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Low.