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Symphodus melops  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Corkwing wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Symphodus melops   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Symphodus melops
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Symphodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; ej vandrande, usually 1 - 30 m (Ref. 35388).   Temperate; 63°N - 28°N, 32°W - 25°E

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Morocco and the Azores. Also known from the western Mediterranean and Adriatic seas.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 7 - 10 cm
Max length : 28.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 4742); common length : 20.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 4742); rapporterad maxålder: 9 år (Ref. 4742)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 14 - 17; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 8-10; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 8 - 11. A few cephalic pores (7-12) on snout. Lips with 5-7 folds. Scales on temporo-occipital surface 3-5 rows; on inter-operculum 2-3 (6-13) scales; on cheek 4-7; behind eye 1. A small dark spot on caudal peduncle. Often 5 large brown blotches near dorsal fin. Females and young: with numerous spots on body more or less longitudinally lined, some sinuous lines on head (Ref. 231). Coloration very variable; ground color of the male is greenish or blue while females are brownish to yellowish (Ref. 35388).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

This schooling, territorial fish occurs in the littoral zone, near rocks and eel-grass beds, also in lagoons. In summer ripe females show short ovipositor. Seaweed nest built by male among rocks or in crevices. Sex reversal sometimes observed. Feed on mollusks, hydroids, bryozoans, worms and various crustaceans (Ref. 4742). Males grow faster than females (Ref. 4742). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Sex reversal sometimes observed. Seaweed nest built by male among rocks or in crevices (Ref. 4742). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Westneat, Mark | Medarbetare

Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras, 1986. Labridae. p. 919-942. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4742)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fiskeri: husbehovsfiske; sportfisk: ja; Akvarium: Offentliga akvarier
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
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synonymer
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Ägg
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.8 - 17.2, mean 10.5 (based on 514 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00577 - 0.01376), b=3.09 (2.96 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (K=0.21-0.41; tm=2-3; tmax=9).
Prior r = 0.82, 2 SD range = 0.57 - 1.20, log(r) = -0.2, SD log(r) = 0.19, Based on: 2 K, 5 tgen, 1 tmax, records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.