Symphodus melops  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Corkwing wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Symphodus melops   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Symphodus melops
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Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Symphodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas associadas(os) a recifes; não migratória, usually 1 - 30 m (Ref. 35388).   Temperate; 63°N - 28°N, 32°W - 25°E

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Morocco and the Azores. Also known from the western Mediterranean and Adriatic seas.

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?, range 7 - 10 cm
Max length : 28.0 cm SL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 4742); common length : 20.0 cm SL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 4742); Idade máx. registada: 9 anos (Ref. 4742)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 14 - 17; Raios dorsais (total): 8-10; Espinhos anais 3; Raios anais : 8 - 11. A few cephalic pores (7-12) on snout. Lips with 5-7 folds. Scales on temporo-occipital surface 3-5 rows; on inter-operculum 2-3 (6-13) scales; on cheek 4-7; behind eye 1. A small dark spot on caudal peduncle. Often 5 large brown blotches near dorsal fin. Females and young: with numerous spots on body more or less longitudinally lined, some sinuous lines on head (Ref. 231). Coloration very variable; ground color of the male is greenish or blue while females are brownish to yellowish (Ref. 35388).

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

This schooling, territorial fish occurs in the littoral zone, near rocks and eel-grass beds, also in lagoons. In summer ripe females show short ovipositor. Seaweed nest built by male among rocks or in crevices. Sex reversal sometimes observed. Feed on mollusks, hydroids, bryozoans, worms and various crustaceans (Ref. 4742). Males grow faster than females (Ref. 4742). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Sex reversal sometimes observed. Seaweed nest built by male among rocks or in crevices (Ref. 4742). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Westneat, Mark | Colaboradores

Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras, 1986. Labridae. p. 919-942. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4742)

Status na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Perigo para os humanos

  Harmless




Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: pescarias de subsistência; peixe esportivo: sim; Aquário: Aquários públicos
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mais informação

Nomes comuns
Sinônimos
Metabolismo
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Ecotoxicologia
Reprodução
Maturidade
Desova
Fecundidade
Ovos
Desenvolvimento dos ovos
Referências
Aquacultura
Perfil para aquacultura
Estirpes
Genética
Frequência alélica
Hereditariedade
Doenças
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Mass conversion
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.8 - 17.2, mean 10.5 (based on 514 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00577 - 0.01376), b=3.09 (2.96 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 69278):  Médio, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (K=0.21-0.41; tm=2-3; tmax=9).
Prior r = 0.82, 2 SD range = 0.57 - 1.20, log(r) = -0.2, SD log(r) = 0.19, Based on: 2 K, 5 tgen, 1 tmax, records
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Very high.