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Symphodus melops  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Corkwing wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Symphodus melops   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Symphodus melops
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Classification / Names Κοινά ονόματα | Συνώνυμα | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ακτινοπτερύγιοι > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Symphodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Περιβάλλον / Κλίμα / Εύρος Οικολογία

; Θαλασσινό(ά) Υφαλόφιλο(α); μη μεταναστευτικό(ά), usually 1 - 30 m (Ref. 35388).   Temperate; 63°N - 28°N, 32°W - 25°E

Κατανομή Χώρες | Περιοχές FAO | Οικοσυστήματα | Παρουσίες | Point map | Εισαγωγές | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Morocco and the Azores. Also known from the western Mediterranean and Adriatic seas.

Length at first maturity / Μέγεθος / Βάρος / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 7 - 10 cm
Max length : 28.0 cm SL αρσενικό/απροσδιόριστο; (Ref. 4742); common length : 20.0 cm SL αρσενικό/απροσδιόριστο; (Ref. 4742); μεγ. αναφερόμενη ηλικία: 9 έτη (Ref. 4742)

Short description Μορφολογία | Μορφομετρία

Ραχιαίες άκανθες (συνολικά): 14 - 17; Μαλακές ραχιαίες ακτίνες (συνολικά): 8-10; Εδρικές άκανθες 3; Μαλακές εδρικές ακτίνες: 8 - 11. A few cephalic pores (7-12) on snout. Lips with 5-7 folds. Scales on temporo-occipital surface 3-5 rows; on inter-operculum 2-3 (6-13) scales; on cheek 4-7; behind eye 1. A small dark spot on caudal peduncle. Often 5 large brown blotches near dorsal fin. Females and young: with numerous spots on body more or less longitudinally lined, some sinuous lines on head (Ref. 231). Coloration very variable; ground color of the male is greenish or blue while females are brownish to yellowish (Ref. 35388).

Βιολογία     Γλωσσάρι (π.χ. epibenthic)

This schooling, territorial fish occurs in the littoral zone, near rocks and eel-grass beds, also in lagoons. In summer ripe females show short ovipositor. Seaweed nest built by male among rocks or in crevices. Sex reversal sometimes observed. Feed on mollusks, hydroids, bryozoans, worms and various crustaceans (Ref. 4742). Males grow faster than females (Ref. 4742). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Γεννητική Ωρίμανση | Αναπαραγωγή | Γεννοβολία | Αβγά | Γονιμότητα | Προνύμφες

Sex reversal sometimes observed. Seaweed nest built by male among rocks or in crevices (Ref. 4742). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | Αναφορές | Συντονιστής : Westneat, Mark | Συνεργάτες

Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras, 1986. Labridae. p. 919-942. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4742)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

αλιεία: παραδοσιακή αλιεία; αλιεία αναψυχής: ναί; Ενυδρείο: Δημόσια ενυδρεία

Περισσότερες πληροφορίες

Κοινά ονόματα
Γεννητική Ωρίμανση
Egg development
Προφίλ υδατοκαλλιέργειας
Συχνότητες αλληλόμορφων
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
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Διαδικτυακές πηγές

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.8 - 17.2, mean 10.5 (based on 514 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00577 - 0.01376), b=3.09 (2.96 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Τροφικό Επίπεδο (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Ελαστικότητα (Ref. 69278):  Μεσαίο(α), ελάχιστος χρόνος για διπλασιασμό πληθυσμού 1,4 - 4,4 έτη (K=0.21-0.41; tm=2-3; tmax=9).
Prior r = 0.82, 2 SD range = 0.57 - 1.20, log(r) = -0.2, SD log(r) = 0.19, Based on: 2 K, 5 tgen, 1 tmax, records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.