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Symphodus melops  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Corkwing wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Symphodus melops   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Symphodus melops
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Symphodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin récifal; non migrateur, usually 1 - 30 m (Ref. 35388).   Temperate; 63°N - 28°N, 32°W - 25°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Morocco and the Azores. Also known from the western Mediterranean and Adriatic seas.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?, range 7 - 10 cm
Max length : 28.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 4742); common length : 20.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 4742); âge max. reporté: 9 années (Ref. 4742)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 14 - 17; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 8-10; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 8 - 11. A few cephalic pores (7-12) on snout. Lips with 5-7 folds. Scales on temporo-occipital surface 3-5 rows; on inter-operculum 2-3 (6-13) scales; on cheek 4-7; behind eye 1. A small dark spot on caudal peduncle. Often 5 large brown blotches near dorsal fin. Females and young: with numerous spots on body more or less longitudinally lined, some sinuous lines on head (Ref. 231). Coloration very variable; ground color of the male is greenish or blue while females are brownish to yellowish (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

This schooling, territorial fish occurs in the littoral zone, near rocks and eel-grass beds, also in lagoons. In summer ripe females show short ovipositor. Seaweed nest built by male among rocks or in crevices. Sex reversal sometimes observed. Feed on mollusks, hydroids, bryozoans, worms and various crustaceans (Ref. 4742). Males grow faster than females (Ref. 4742). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Sex reversal sometimes observed. Seaweed nest built by male among rocks or in crevices (Ref. 4742). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Westneat, Mark | Collaborateurs

Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras, 1986. Labridae. p. 919-942. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4742)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: pêcheries vivrières; pêche sportive: oui; Aquarium: Aquariums publics
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.8 - 17.2, mean 10.5 (based on 514 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00577 - 0.01376), b=3.09 (2.96 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.21-0.41; tm=2-3; tmax=9).
Prior r = 0.82, 2 SD range = 0.57 - 1.20, log(r) = -0.2, SD log(r) = 0.19, Based on: 2 K, 5 tgen, 1 tmax, records
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Very high.