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Symphurus insularis  Munroe, Brito & Hernández, 2000

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Symphurus insularis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Symphurus insularis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Cynoglossidae (Tonguefishes) > Symphurinae
Etymology: Symphurus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 3 - 23 m (Ref. 36120), usually 11 - 20 m (Ref. 36120).   Temperate, preferred ?; 40°N - 15°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Azores, Madeira, Canary, Cape Verde Islands and Senegal.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36120)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 80-87; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 66 - 72; Vertebrae: 45 - 48. a 1-3-2 interdigitation pattern; 12 caudal fin rays; 80-87 dorsal fin rays; 66-72 anal fin rays; 45-48 total vertebrae; 84-98 scales in a longitudinal series; unpigmented peritoneum; unique ocular side pigmentation featuring a yellowish to dark brown background with numerous small, dark speckles, a series of 3-8 mostly incomplete crossbands beginning just posterior to the opercle, and usually 1-3 small, dark, spherical spots arranged in a longitudinal row along the body midline; a series of dark blotches alternating with unpigmented areas on the dorsal and anal fins, and a spot and dark band on the caudal fin base with the distal four-fifths of the caudal fin unpigmented.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Munroe, T.A., A. Brito and C. Hernandez, 2000. Symphurus insularis: a new Eastern Atlantic dwarf tonguefish (Cynoglossidae: Pleuronectiformes). Copeia 2000(2):491-500. (Ref. 36120)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00604 - 0.02878), b=3.03 (2.84 - 3.22), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .