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Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett, 1832)

Zigzag wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Halichoeres scapularis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Halichoeres scapularis (Zigzag wrasse)
Halichoeres scapularis
Male picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bennett.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 1 - 20 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical; 32°N - 24°S

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 2334) to Papua New Guinea, north to Japan, south to the Great Barrier Reef in Australia.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 30573)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 9; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 11; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 11. The initial phase is olivaceous to brownish yellow dorsally, white ventrally, with a black zigzag stripe running from eye to upper caudal peduncle (continuing anteriorly as a yellow stripe from the eye to the snout). This primary phase is similar to H. trimaculatus except for the black zigzag stripe along its back (Ref. 1602). The terminal phase is green, the zigzag stripe lavender-pink with its anterior portion overlaid by a black blotch.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Common in shallow lagoons or bays; usually over sand, rubble, or seagrass bottom (Ref. 41878), rather than on coral reefs. May be found in groups (Ref. 90102). Usually solitary and aggressive towards members of its own species. Feeds on small crustaceans by picking them off the sandy bottom (Ref. 5503).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Pelagic spawner (Ref. 32193).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Westneat, Mark | Medewerkers

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 April 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.2 - 29.3, mean 28.6 (based on 2756 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00585 - 0.01791), b=3.13 (2.98 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.50 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 1.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (K=0.6).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Very high.