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Echidna polyzona (Richardson, 1845)

Barred moray
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Echidna polyzona   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Echidna polyzona (Barred moray)
Echidna polyzona
Picture by Adams, M.J.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Muraenidae (Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Echidna: Greek, echidna = viper, 1847 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Richardson.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; djupintervall 2 - 20 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical; 30°N - 24°S

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 33390) to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 72.3 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 90102)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Taggstrålar i analfenan 0; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 0; Ryggkotor: 132 - 137. Body grey with fine pale barring (Ref. 48635). Young with 25-30 dark brown bars separated by white narrow interspaces; bars become obscure with age where in large adults, the pattern becomes mottled brown; corner of mouth dark brown. Head usually lighter, yellowish with variable dark blotching (Ref. 48635).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits reef flats, clear shallow lagoons, and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Feeds mainly on small crustaceans during both day and night (Ref. 9710).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Chen, H.-M., K.-T. Shao and C.T. Chen, 1994. A review of the muraenid eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of twelve new records. Zool. Stud. 33(1):44-64. (Ref. 6934)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: husbehovsfiske; Akvarium: Kommersiell
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.2 - 29.3, mean 28.4 (based on 2833 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00120 (0.00059 - 0.00245), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 4,5-14 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.