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Echidna nebulosa  (Ahl, 1789)

Starry moray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Echidna nebulosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Echidna nebulosa (Starry moray)
Echidna nebulosa
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Muraenidae (Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Echidna: Greek, echidna = viper, 1847 (Ref. 45335).

Lebensraum / Klimazone / Range Ökologie

; seewasser riff-verbunden; tiefenbereich 1 - 48 m (Ref. 58302), usually ? - 10 m (Ref. 30404).   Tropical, preferred ?; 30°N - 32°S

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 33390) and Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964) to the Society Islands, north to southern Japan and the Hawaiian Islands, south to Lord Howe Island; throughout Micronesia. Eastern Central Pacific: southern Baja California, Mexico and from Costa Rica to northern Colombia (Ref. 9324). Also found in Southeast Atlantic.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 48635); common length : 50.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3258)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 0; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 0; Afterflossenstacheln 0; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 0; Wirbelzahl: 119 - 126. Body white with 2 rows of large dendritic black blotches; black spots between blotches become irregularly linear with age. Yellow eyes (Ref. 48635).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Found between rocks and corals of intertidal reef flats, also in shallow lagoon and seaward reefs to depths of at least 10 m (Ref. 9710, 58302). Are benthic (Ref. 58302). Nocturnal (Ref. 68964). Feed mainly on crustaceans. Protogynous hermaphroditism unconfirmed for this species (Ref. 84746). Safely kept with small aquarium fishes (Ref. 9710). Solitary, seen usually in the open or with only head exposed (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Protogyny unconfirmed (Ref. 84746).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Chen, H.-M., K.-T. Shao and C.T. Chen, 1994. A review of the muraenid eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of twelve new records. Zool. Stud. 33(1):44-64. (Ref. 6934)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless




Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell; Aquarium: Kommerziell
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet Quellen

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(Genom, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale Datenbanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Öffentliche Aquarien | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Gehe zu, Suchen) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.65 se; Based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert 4,5 - 14 Jahre. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (59 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Medium.