Champsocephalus gunnari  Lönnberg, 1905

Mackerel icefish
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Champsocephalus gunnari   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish)
Champsocephalus gunnari
Picture by Reyes, P.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Channichthyidae (Crocodile icefishes)
Etymology: Champsocephalus: Greek, champso = crocodile, voracious predator + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Lönnberg.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina bentopelagisk; djupintervall 0 - 700 m (Ref. 11892), usually 30 - 250 m (Ref. 11892).   Polar; 48°S - 66°S, 65°W - 77°E

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Southern Ocean: Islands of the Scotia Sea, including the northern part of Antarctic Peninsula; Kerguelen, Heard and Bouvet islands.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 21 - 32 cm
Max length : 66.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 5200); common length : 35.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 2805); publicerad maxvikt: 2.0 kg (Ref. 4883)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Ryggkotor: 59 - 62

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Feed mainly on krill and mysids. Spawn in autumn and winter (Ref. 50743). Synchronous spawner (Ref. 50743). Larval pelagic phase is long (Ref. 71843). Utilized as a food fish (Ref. 4931).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Hureau, J.-C., 1985. Channichthyidae. p. 261-277. In W. Fischer and J.C. Hureau (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Southern Ocean (Fishing areas 48, 58 and 88). Rome. Vol. 2. (Ref. 2805)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell
FAO(fiskeri: produktion; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, sök) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): -1.1 - 2.9, mean 1.5 (based on 50 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00145 (0.00115 - 0.00182), b=3.42 (3.35 - 3.49), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (K=0.13-0.39; tmax=13; tm=4; Fec=3,094).
Prior r = 0.34, 2 SD range = 0.12 - 1.00, log(r) = -1.08, SD log(r) = 0.54, Based on: 5 K, 4 tgen, 27 Fec records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.