Champsocephalus gunnari  Lönnberg, 1905

Mackerel icefish
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Image of Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish)
Champsocephalus gunnari
Picture by Reyes, P.

Classification / Names आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ऐकटीनोप्टीरेजी (रेज़-फिन्नढ मछलियाँ) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Channichthyidae (Crocodile icefishes)
Etymology: Champsocephalus: Greek, champso = crocodile, voracious predator + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Lönnberg.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range पारिस्थितिकी

; समुद्री बेनथोपिलाजिक; गहराई सीमा 0 - 700 m (Ref. 11892), usually 30 - 250 m (Ref. 11892).   Polar; 48°S - 66°S, 65°W - 77°E

वितरण देश | ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र | Ecosystems | संयोग | Point map | भूमिका | Faunafri

Southern Ocean: Islands of the Scotia Sea, including the northern part of Antarctic Peninsula; Kerguelen, Heard and Bouvet islands.

Length at first maturity / आकार / वज़न / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 21 - 32 cm
Max length : 66.0 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 5200); common length : 35.0 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 2805); अधिकतम प्रकाशित वज़न: 2.0 kg (Ref. 4883)

Short description आकृति विज्ञान | मौरफोमैटरिक्स

जानवरों की रीड़ का जोड़: 59 - 62

जीवविज्ञान     शब्द संग्रह (उदाहरणार्थ epibenthic)

Feed mainly on krill and mysids. Spawn in autumn and winter (Ref. 50743). Synchronous spawner (Ref. 50743). Larval pelagic phase is long (Ref. 71843). Utilized as a food fish (Ref. 4931).

Life cycle and mating behavior परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा

Main reference Upload your references | संदर्भ | संयोजक | सहयोगीयो

Hureau, J.-C., 1985. Channichthyidae. p. 261-277. In W. Fischer and J.C. Hureau (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Southern Ocean (Fishing areas 48, 58 and 88). Rome. Vol. 2. (Ref. 2805)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

मात्स्यिकी: लघु वाणिज्य
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अधिक जानकारी

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तस्वीरे
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इंटरनेट स्रोत

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, खोज) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): -1.1 - 2.9, mean 1.5 (based on 50 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00145 (0.00115 - 0.00182), b=3.42 (3.35 - 3.49), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
लौटाव (Ref. 69278):  माध्यम, न्यूनतम जनसंख्या दुगनी होने का समय 1.4 - 4.4 वर्ष। (K=0.13-0.39; tmax=13; tm=4; Fec=3,094).
Prior r = 0.34, 2 SD range = 0.12 - 1.00, log(r) = -1.08, SD log(r) = 0.54, Based on: 5 K, 4 tgen, 27 Fec records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.