Champsocephalus gunnari  Lönnberg, 1905

Mackerel icefish
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Native range
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Champsocephalus gunnari   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish)
Champsocephalus gunnari
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Channichthyidae (Crocodile icefishes)
Etymology: Champsocephalus: Greek, champso = crocodile, voracious predator + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Lönnberg.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien benthopelagisch; diepteverspreiding 0 - 700 m (Ref. 11892), usually 30 - 250 m (Ref. 11892).   Polar; 48°S - 66°S, 65°W - 77°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Southern Ocean: Islands of the Scotia Sea, including the northern part of Antarctic Peninsula; Kerguelen, Heard and Bouvet islands.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?, range 21 - 32 cm
Max length : 66.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 5200); common length : 35.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 2805); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 2.0 kg (Ref. 4883)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Wervels: 59 - 62

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Feed mainly on krill and mysids. Spawn in autumn and winter (Ref. 50743). Synchronous spawner (Ref. 50743). Larval pelagic phase is long (Ref. 71843). Utilized as a food fish (Ref. 4931).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Hureau, J.-C., 1985. Channichthyidae. p. 261-277. In W. Fischer and J.C. Hureau (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Southern Ocean (Fishing areas 48, 58 and 88). Rome. Vol. 2. (Ref. 2805)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless




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Referenties
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Genetica
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Internet-bronnen

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Bekijk FishWatcher gegevens | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genoom, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(ga naar, zoek) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): -1.1 - 2.9, mean 1.5 (based on 50 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00145 (0.00115 - 0.00182), b=3.42 (3.35 - 3.49), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (K=0.13-0.39; tmax=13; tm=4; Fec=3,094).
Prior r = 0.34, 2 SD range = 0.12 - 1.00, log(r) = -1.08, SD log(r) = 0.54, Based on: 5 K, 4 tgen, 27 Fec records
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Very high.