Chelon ramada  (Risso, 1827)

Thinlip grey mullet
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Chelon ramada
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Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Mugiliformes (Mullets) > Mugilidae (Mullets)
Etymology: Chelon: Greek, chelone = turtle (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas; Água doce; estuarina; catádromos (Ref. 59043); intervalo de profundidade 10 - 20 m (Ref. 30578).   Temperate; 60°N - 15°N, 32°W - 42°E

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: from the coasts of southern Norway to Cape Verde, including the Mediterranean and the Black Sea (Ref. 2804, Ref. 51442, 116118). Records of its occurrence in tropical waters are based on misidentifications (Ref. 3573).

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 25.9, range 25 - 32 cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 4645); common length : 35.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 3646); Peso máx. publicado: 2.9 kg (Ref. 40476); Idade máx. registada: 10 anos (Ref. 40476)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 4 - 5; Raios dorsais (total): 7-10; Espinhos anais 3; Raios anais : 8 - 9. Fusiform body (Ref. 51442). Massive head, flattened above the eyes (Ref. 51442). Small mouth (Ref. 51442). Snout short and blunt (Ref. 51442). Two dorsal fins well-separated, the first with 4 to 5 spines (Ref. 40476, Ref. 51442). Pectoral fins are placed high on the flanks (Ref. 51442). Large scales (Ref. 51442). Dorsal sides and flanks gray-colored, ventral side white (Ref. 51442).

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

Adults are pelagic occurring near shore, entering lagoons and lower reaches of rivers in schools; often in polluted waters (Ref. 51442, 59043) between temperatures 8-24°C. Juveniles colonize the littoral zone and estuaries (Ref. 51442). Adults feed on epiphytic algae, detritus and small benthic or planktonic organisms, pelagic eggs and larvae while juveniles feed on zooplankton until about 3.0 cm SL, then on benthic animals and plants (Ref. 59043). Spawning takes place at sea near the coast between September and February (Ref. 30578, 51442). Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205). Adults undergo migrations (Ref. 51442).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Spawning takes place at sea near the coast by gathering in groups between September and February (Ref. 51442). The eggs develop at sea (Ref. 51442). The juveniles then colonize the littoral zone and the estuaries (Ref. 51442). Adults enter the lower parts of the rivers and treturn to the sea to spawn (Ref. 51442).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Harrison, Ian | Colaboradores

Thomson, J.M., 1990. Mugilidae. p. 855-859. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7399)

Status na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Perigo para os humanos

  Harmless




Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: espécies comerciais; Aquacultura: espécies comerciais; peixe esportivo: sim
FAO(Aquacultura: produção; ; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mais informação

Nomes comuns
Sinônimos
Metabolismo
Predadores
Ecotoxicologia
Reprodução
Maturidade
Desova
Fecundidade
Ovos
Desenvolvimento dos ovos
Referências
Aquacultura
Perfil para aquacultura
Estirpes
Genética
Frequência alélica
Hereditariedade
Doenças
Processamento
Mass conversion
Colaboradores
Fotos
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Velocidade
Tipo de natação
Área branquial
Otólitos
Cérebros
Visão

Ferramentas

Relatórios especiais

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Fontes da internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.7 - 20.1, mean 11.8 (based on 314 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00694 - 0.01199), b=2.97 (2.93 - 3.01), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  2.3   ±0.20 se; Based on food items.
Resiliência (Ref. 69278):  Baixo, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 4,5 - 14 anos (K=0.15; tm=3-5).
Prior r = 0.5, 2 SD range = 0.25 - 0.99, log(r) = -0.69, SD log(r) = 0.34, Based on: 2 M, 7 K, 13 tgen, 1 tmax, 8 Fec records
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Medium.