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Megalaspis cordyla (Linnaeus, 1758)

Torpedo scad
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Megalaspis cordyla   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | imej Google
Image of Megalaspis cordyla (Torpedo scad)
Megalaspis cordyla
Picture by Randall, J.E.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Megalaspis: Greek, megas, megalos = great + Greek, aspis,-idos = shield (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut; payau berasosiasi dengan karang; kisaran kedalaman 20 - 100 m (Ref. 28016).   Tropical; 47°N - 22°S, 40°E - 156°E (Ref. 54577)

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Japan and Australia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 22.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 3287); common length : 45.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 5450); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 4.0 kg (Ref. 4883)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 9; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 18-20; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 16 - 17.

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Adults are primarily oceanic, pelagic schooling species rarely seen on reefs (Ref. 48635, 90102). They feed mainly on fishes (Ref. 5213). Generally marketed fresh (Ref. 5284).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | mitra

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 119314)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 09 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: bernilai komersial tinggi
FAO(Perikanan: production, profail spesis; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.5 - 28.6, mean 27.5 (based on 707 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.01157 - 0.01435), b=2.94 (2.91 - 2.97), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.64 se; Based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 69278):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.13(?)-0.35; Fec=146,400).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 20 stock assessments.
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   High.