Anarhichas minor, Spotted wolffish : fisheries, gamefish

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Anarhichas minor Olafsen, 1772

Spotted wolffish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Anarhichas minor   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolffish)
Anarhichas minor
Picture by Dolgov, A.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Anarhichadidae (Wolffishes)
Etymology: Anarhichas: Greek, anarhichaomai = to climb up.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina bottenlevande; havsvandrande (Ref. 51243); djupintervall 25 - 600 m (Ref. 35388), usually 100 - 400 m.   Temperate; 81°N - 42°N, 71°W - 59°E

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Northwest Atlantic: western Greenland and Nova Scotia in Canada to Massachusetts in USA and perhaps to New Jersey, USA (Ref. 7251). Northeast Atlantic: Spitsbergen southward to Scandinavian coasts (to about Bergen, also Iceland and south-eastern coasts of Greenland.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 50 - 60 cm
Max length : 180 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 7251); common length : 120 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 4694); publicerad maxvikt: 27.9 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Coloration greyish brown with many distinct spots on body and dorsal fin (Ref. 35388).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits offshore waters over soft bottoms, often with boulders, from 25-590 m, but most common from 100-400 m (Ref. 4694). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds mainly on echinoderms, but also crustaceans, mollusks, fishes (Ref. 4694) and worms (Ref. 58426). In Barents sea, it reached at least 80 cm, age 9 years. Marketed fresh or as frozen fillets. Leather can be made of the skin (Ref. 35388).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Spawning happens between the months of September and January at 250 m depth. Females lay great egg bunches in nests built on the ground. The size of the eggs increases with the size of the female. Egg size 5-6 mm, larval length at hatching 21-24 mm.

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Barsukov, V.V., 1986. Anarhichadidae. p. 1113-1116. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4694)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell; sportfisk: ja
FAO(Vattenbruk: produktion; fiskeri: produktion, species profile; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
Förekomster
Utplanteringar
Stocks
Ekologi
Föda
Födoslag
Födointag
Näringsinnehåll
Populärnamn
synonymer
Metabolik
Predatorer
Ekotoxikologi
Reproduktion
Könsmognad
Lek
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
Age/Size
Tillväxt
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometri
Morfologi
Larver
Larvdynamik
Rekrytering
Abundans
referenser
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Ljud
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Otoliths
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.6 - 7.6, mean 3.5 (based on 717 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5938   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00184 - 0.00623), b=3.19 (3.02 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.51 se; Based on food items.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 4,5-14 år (K=0.06-0.13; tm=8; Fec=4,200-35,200).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (80 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.