Anarhichas minor, Spotted wolffish : fisheries, gamefish

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Anarhichas minor Olafsen, 1772

Spotted wolffish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Anarhichas minor   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolffish)
Anarhichas minor
Picture by Dolgov, A.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Anarhichadidae (Wolffishes)
Etymology: Anarhichas: Greek, anarhichaomai = to climb up.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin démersal; océanodrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 25 - 600 m (Ref. 35388), usually 100 - 400 m.   Temperate; 81°N - 42°N, 71°W - 59°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Atlantic: western Greenland and Nova Scotia in Canada to Massachusetts in USA and perhaps to New Jersey, USA (Ref. 7251). Northeast Atlantic: Spitsbergen southward to Scandinavian coasts (to about Bergen, also Iceland and south-eastern coasts of Greenland.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?, range 50 - 60 cm
Max length : 180 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 7251); common length : 120 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 4694); poids max. publié: 27.9 kg (Ref. 40637)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Coloration greyish brown with many distinct spots on body and dorsal fin (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits offshore waters over soft bottoms, often with boulders, from 25-590 m, but most common from 100-400 m (Ref. 4694). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds mainly on echinoderms, but also crustaceans, mollusks, fishes (Ref. 4694) and worms (Ref. 58426). In Barents sea, it reached at least 80 cm, age 9 years. Marketed fresh or as frozen fillets. Leather can be made of the skin (Ref. 35388).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Spawning happens between the months of September and January at 250 m depth. Females lay great egg bunches in nests built on the ground. The size of the eggs increases with the size of the female. Egg size 5-6 mm, larval length at hatching 21-24 mm.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Barsukov, V.V., 1986. Anarhichadidae. p. 1113-1116. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4694)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: intérêt commercial mineur; pêche sportive: oui
FAO(Aquaculture: production; pêcheries: production, Résumé espèce; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
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Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.6 - 7.6, mean 3.5 (based on 717 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5938   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00184 - 0.00623), b=3.19 (3.02 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.51 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (K=0.06-0.13; tm=8; Fec=4,200-35,200).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (80 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Low.